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00-Intro-J1_02-SEE_Intro_HVDC_2.pdf

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1 EU Innovative electricity transmission grids T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 2  About T&D Europe • EU Transmission grid vs. generation/consumption scenarios - T&D Europe view • Technology needs - Short term view • New technologies - Long term view A technology roadmap T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 3 About T&D Europe • T&D EUROPE is the European association of the electricity transmission and distribution equipment and services industry. • The companies represented by T&D Europe account for a production worth over €25 billion, and employ over 200,000 people in Europe. about 400 other manufacturers + T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 4 T&D Europe and some of its partners & stakeholders Politics and regulators, e.g. EU-Commission EU-Parliament EU-Council DG EN & Transp. EU Technology Platform Smart Grids Equipment Manufacturer, e.g. Grid operators/ User organizations, e.g. * Belong to ORGALIME community Business Europe * * * *ENTSO-E T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 Objectives • T&D Europe aims to promote and to defend the common interests of the European electricity transmission and distribution manufacturing industry towards and in cooperation with the EU institutions • T&D Europe works in collaboration with European and international standardisation bodies, in order to establish a coherent system of worldwide standards and testing • T&D Europe is committed to the supply of equipment, systems and services for electrical networks that are reliable and sustainable for the efficient transport and delivery of energy 5 T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 6 • About T&D Europe  EU Transmission grid vs. generation/consumption scenarios - T&D Europe view • Technology needs - Short term view • New technologies - Long term view EU Innovative electricity transmission grids : A technology roadmap T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 Increase of renewables EU scenarii 7 Source: [IEA] EU GHG emissions towards an 80% domestic reduction (100% =1990) Under study – Source SRA2035 draft T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 Increased generation capacity Decreased consumption 8 T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 9 • About T&D Europe • EU Transmission grid vs. generation/consumption scenarios - T&D Europe view  Technology needs - Short term view • New technologies - Long term view EU Innovative electricity transmission grids : A technology roadmap T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 10 Vision : 10 development demonstration projects for consortium T&D members in 2012 and launch in 2013 •Examples : • 2 HVDC on land • HVDC/wind farm off shore, • 2 cable and substation technology, • 10 high voltage substations in cities, • 5 next generation low loss efficiency products, • 3 storage projects Technology needs - Short term view T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 11 Technology needs - Short term view Technologies ready for demonstration <2013 •NCITs for AC and DC application •Digital substations (digital communication between NCITs, protection system, switchgear) •UHV (up to 1100kV) DC transmission based on LCC (line commutated) •HV DC transmission based on VSC technology (voltage source) •AC Fault current limiters •UHV AC (up to 1200kV) •WAMS T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 12 Keywords: •German HVDC offshore platforms (i.e. Borvin) •DC voltage: 150 kV •Transmission capacity: 400 MW •DC marine cable length = 125 km •DC land cable = 75 km •Weight: 4’800 tons •380 kV AC onshore connection to German grid Solution: Renewable integration HVDC Scope of supply:  Offshore DC grid connection system Country: Germany Year: 2009 T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 13 Keywords: •German AC offshore platform •Generation capacity: 12x5 MW = 60 MW •AC marine cable connection •Cable length = 45 km •Water depth about 40 m •110 kV connection to German network Solution: Renewable integration HVAC Scope of supply:  Offshore wind park incl. network connection Country: Germany Year: 2010 T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 Country:USA Client: City of Anaheim CA Scope: 8 x bays GIS type 8DN8 / 69 kV  2 x 132/11 kV 50 MVA transformers  20 x 12 kV panels The substation is located under an existing park, in an exclusive residential area in Los Angeles, CA. Solution: Compact underground substation 14 T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011Page 15 Solution : Gas Insulated Lines Issue : •Substitution of a 400kV overhead line adjacent to a new runway of the Frankfurt Airport •Transmission of 2x1800MVA continuous power (length 1km) •Long lifetime, no impact to the environment Solution : •Installation of a directly buried Gas Insulated Line (GIL) •Special backfill material surround GIL tubes to enhance power rating •GIL have passive/active corrosion protection, low EMF radiation • 400kV GIL installed directly buried • Power transmission is per system twice as high compared to a conventional cable solution • Electromagnetic field radiation (EMF) is negligible • High overload capability • No external impact in case of internal failure (no explosion, no risk of fire) • Can be operated like an overhead line (auto-reclose functionality) T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 16 Keywords: • 43MWp - 600 000 Solar panels. • 3 No. 30kV Grid Substations. • 36 No. inverter stations including 500kW inverters and 36kV switchboards. • 1 300km of solar cables, 30km of trenches, 8.5km of fence. • 426 units array boxes. • Monitoring system, security system (access control, cameras, lighting, IR). • Performance Ratio Commitment. Solution: Renewable integration in MV Scope of supply:  Solar farm Cellino San Marco  Country: Italy - Puglia  Year: 2010 T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 17 Keywords: •Smart City Malaga (ENDESA). •Platform test for Smart Grid technologies. •80 MV/LV Transformer Substations and 12,000 Customers. •Advanced Meter Management (AMM). •MV/LV Transformer Substation Automation. •MV PLC and WiMax Communications. •Distributed Generation. •MV Electric Network Storage. •Electric Vehicle. •Power Flow Control. •Control Center (Showroom). Solution: MV Distribution Energy Management System Scope of supply:  Smart City Malaga Country: Spain Year: 2009-2012 T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 18 • About T&D Europe • EU Transmission grid vs. generation/consumption scenarios - T&D Europe view • Technology needs - Short term view  New technologies - Long term view EU Innovative electricity transmission grids : A technology roadmap T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 19 Vision: • Triple interconnection capability • Develop a super grid (a “E HV1” from Milano to Amsterdam) • Use state of art HV • 800 kV, HVDC, FACTS, phase shifters, DC breakers. • All these solutions are developed in Europe Means: Complement current 400 kV grid with additional overlay grid HVDC or AC. Possible use of 800 KV AC voltages also needs to be considered. Meshed grid/networks will require the use of DC circuit breakers with high power breaking capacity. Hybrid transmission consisting of HVAC 400KV and HVDC overlay network will require state of the art operation patterns. Technology needs - Long term view T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 20 Vision: • Triple interconnection capability • Develop a super grid (a “E HV1” from Milano to Amsterdam) Means: Interoperability of converter stations from different suppliers Management and monitoring of wide interstate areas with relative control systems will be required Address the potential problematic operations of managing such hybrid transmission systems, having the contribution of many volatile sources. Reliability of supply in the different phases of operations, with volatile sources, will have to be tested and supported by proper regulations. Technology needs - Long term view T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 21 Some examples : •HV DC breakers •Meshed HV DC grids •Hybrid AC-DC grids •Off-shore DC grids •Large scale control systems, integrating flexible generation and storage resources Technology needs - Long term view Long term view (10+ years) T&D Europe meets DG ENER, Brussels, July 19, 2011 Analyzing System Security, Observability and Blackout Prevention European Patent: 06775872.2 / 2052451 Monitoring Measuring 1-5sec20ms-200ms1-10ms Signal-Transmission Steps Metered Values of Transducers Met. Values Results State Estimation Short-Circuit Loadflow Contingency IAP IEEE C37.118, 2006 Metered Values of PMUs Met. Values WAMS Fault location, Analysis & Information System (SIMEAS-SAFIR) Fault Records Fault Protocols Metered Values of Relays / Recorders Evaluation locally SwitchingState Results Operator Information WAPCS Interpreter Expert System Dynamic Security Assessment Counter Measures Expert System Results Operator Instructions Operator-Training Protection Security Assessment Adaptive Settings Expert System Phasor Data Concentrator and Processor SIGUARD®-WAPC Existing Components New WAMS Components ProtectionData DynamicData System Forecasts