05-Session4_01-SIEMENS-HVDC_techno_VSC_projet_INELFE.pdf

22/10/2012
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OAI : oai:www.see.asso.fr:2991:3003
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05-Session4_01-SIEMENS-HVDC_techno_VSC_projet_INELFE.pdf

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Antoine LARGER © Siemens AG 2012 Evolutions des liaisons HVDC en technologie VSC : le projet INELFE 2 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Agenda  Inelfe project outline  Basics of VSC Technology  History & Evolution  Features and Benefits  Key Components  Siemens References & Experiences 3 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Customer INELFE (RTE and REE) Project Name INELFE Location Baixas, France - Santa Llogaia, Spain Power Rating 2 x 1000 MW Type of Plant HVDC PLUS Voltage Levels ± 320 kV DC AC 400 kV, 50 Hz Distance 65 km underground cable Semiconductors IGBT INELFE Project outline 4 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 INELFE Project Background of electrical need  Only 4 interconnections between France and Spain Transmission capabilityis very limited ( approx 1200 MW ) Latest line commissioned in 1982 Iberic peninsula is almost an electric island (only 3% interconnection capability) 5 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 INELFE Project Reason for choosing DC instead of AC Project considered since the 90’s Strong social opposition to a 400 kV overhead project Decision in 2008 to go to a fully buried project, with tunnel below Pyréneans Due to project length (65 km), DC is the only technical solution for underground connection 6 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 INELFE project Main technical choices 6 ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = ~ = = G ~G ~G ~ G ~G ~G ~ Solution with two parallel links and four (4) cables Scope of Turn Key SIEMENS Baixas Santa Llogaia 400kVAC 400kVAC 320kVDC 7 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 INELFE View of Baixas substation (2000 MW capacity) 8 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Agenda  Inelfe project outline  Basics of VSC Technology  History & Evolution  Features and Benefits  Key Components  Siemens References & Experiences 9 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 IGBTs (turn-on and turn-off)Thyristors (turn-on only) VSC convertersLCC converters INELFE HVDC Conventionnel HVDC PLUS IFA 2000 Basics of VSC Technology 10 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 HVDC PLUS General Features of VSC Technology Additional Features and Benefits of HVDC PLUS  Grid Access of weak AC Networks  Independent Control of Active and Reactive power  Supply of passive Networks and Black Start Capability  High dynamic Performance  Low Space Requirements 11 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Space requirements IFA 2000 /Baixas Substation 12 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 HVDC PLUS The Evolution of HVDC PLUS and VSC Technology Topology of VSC Two-Level Three-Level Multilevel 13 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 HVDC PLUS Modular Multilevel Converter - MMC Modular Multilevel Converter +Udc/2 -Udc/2 Ud Uac + + + + + + + + Uc Uc Uc 0 0 0 0 Uc Uc 0 0 Uc 0 0 Uc Uc + + + + + + + + 0 Uc Uc 0 0 Uc 0 Uc + + + + + + + + + Udc  Low level of harmonics and HF noise  Low switching losses  Modular arrangement with identical two- terminal power modules 14 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 HVDC PLUS Features and Benefits of MMC Topology High Modularity in Hardware and Software High Flexibility, economical from low to high Power Ratings Low Generation of Harmonics Only small or even no Filters required Low Switching Frequency of Semiconductors Low Converter Losses Use of well-proven Standard Components High Availability of State-of-the-Art Components Sinus shaped AC Voltage Waveforms Use of standard AC Transformers Easy Scalability Low Engineering Efforts, Power Range up to 1000 MW Reduced Number of Primary Components High Reliability, low Maintenance Requirements Low Rate of Rise of Currents even during Faults Robust System Features Benefits 15 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Main components of converter station Standard transformers Connexion to AC substation Converter hall DC cable 16 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Main components Power Module Modular Design The Power Module - a two terminal component Capacitor Unit The Power Electronics 17 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Main components Converter module  Compact Design  Modular Design  Lower Space Requirements  Advanced VSC Technology  Maintenance friendly 18 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Main components Options for Converter Modules and Building Arrangements A highly flexible Design 19 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Main components Converter Hall - Example 20 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Main components Control and Protection System Hierarchy I/O Unit Measuring I/O Unit CCS PLUSCONTROL MMS nMMS 1 Remote HMI SCADA InterfaceLocal HMI SIMATIC WinCC I/O Level Operator Level Switchgear and Auxiliaries Voltages and Currents Converter – Power Modules RCI SIMATIC TDC C&P Level 21 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Agenda  Inelfe project outline  Basics of VSC Technology  History & Evolution  Features and Benefits  Key Components  Siemens References & Experiences 22 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 HVDC PLUS (VSC technology)– Made by Siemens Our References 2013-2015 BorWin2SylWin1 Trans Bay Cable 2010 INELFE 2014 HelWin1 HelWin2 23 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 HVDC PLUS – Trans Bay Cable Project Overview Customer Trans Bay Cable LLC Project Name Trans Bay Cable Project Location Pittsburg, CA San Francisco, CA Power Rating 400 MW Type of Plant HVDC PLUS Voltage Levels ± 200 kV DC 230 kV/138 kV AC, 60 Hz Semiconductors IGBT Cable Supplier Prysmian Cable Voltage ± 200 kV Cable Type XLPE Max. Depth 50 m Cable Distance 85 km Submarine Cable 24 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 SylWin1, Germany World’s 1st Off-shore VSC with 864 MW MMC Customer Tennet Project Name SylWin1 Location Büttel, Germany Power Rating 864 MW Type of Plant 205 km HVDC PLUS On-/Offshore Cable Voltage Levels ± 320 kV DC 155 kV / 300 kV / 380 kV AC, 50 Hz Semiconductors IGBT 25 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 HVDC PLUS : Evolution of perfomances Transbay BorWin 2 Inelfe 2010 2013 2014 400 MW 800MW 2*1000 MW ± 200 kV DC ± 300 kV DC ± 320 kV DC Full flexibility for voltage level Toward more power per link 26 Octobre 2012 Energy Sector / Transmission SolutionsSiemens TD © Siemens AG 2012 Future evolution of VSC technology The EU supergrid