Gender Diversity in industry : Overview of the situation, motivation and areas for action

07/11/2017
Publication GSI2017
OAI : oai:www.see.asso.fr:17410:20720
DOI : You do not have permission to access embedded form.

Résumé

Gender Diversity in industry : Overview of the situation, motivation and areas for action

Métriques

2
0
1.13 Mo
 application/pdf
bitcache://f09d2e9982c8b0df551c924cd7f9d06ac0b35bf1

Licence

Creative Commons Aucune (Tous droits réservés)

Sponsors

Sponsors Platine

alanturinginstitutelogo.png
logothales.jpg

Sponsors Bronze

logo_enac-bleuok.jpg
imag150x185_couleur_rvb.jpg

Sponsors scientifique

logo_smf_cmjn.gif

Sponsors

smai.png
logo_gdr-mia.png
gdr_geosto_logo.png
gdr-isis.png
logo-minesparistech.jpg
logo_x.jpeg
springer-logo.png
logo-psl.png

Organisateurs

logo_see.gif
<resource  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
                xmlns="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4"
                xsi:schemaLocation="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4/metadata.xsd">
        <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.23723/17410/20720</identifier><creators><creator><creatorName>Valérie Archambault</creatorName></creator></creators><titles>
            <title>Gender Diversity in industry : Overview of the situation, motivation and areas for action</title></titles>
        <publisher>SEE</publisher>
        <publicationYear>2017</publicationYear>
        <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Text</resourceType><dates>
	    <date dateType="Created">Mon 13 Nov 2017</date>
	    <date dateType="Updated">Mon 12 Feb 2018</date>
            <date dateType="Submitted">Wed 21 Feb 2018</date>
	</dates>
        <alternateIdentifiers>
	    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="bitstream">f09d2e9982c8b0df551c924cd7f9d06ac0b35bf1</alternateIdentifier>
	</alternateIdentifiers>
        <formats>
	    <format>application/pdf</format>
	</formats>
	<version>36917</version>
        <descriptions>
            <description descriptionType="Abstract"></description>
        </descriptions>
    </resource>
.

Théorie et Pratique Gender Diversity in industry : Overview of the situation, motivation and areas for action - France V. Archambault, MINES ParisTech and Femmes & Sciences Association, November 8, 2017 3rd conference on Geometric Science of Information Session "Gender Equality - Marie Curie 150th birthday : Women in Science” GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 2 Table of contents Gender Diversity in engineering : overview in France • Situation in higher education and in companies • Companies’ motivations and areas for action in favor of gender equality GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 3 In 2013, companies employed almost 2/3 of researchers. Since 2002, there are more researchers in companies than in administrations Companies’ researchers Administration’s researchers Women ? GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 4 In France, 20% of companies’ researchers are women companies administration GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 5 …although 46% of scientific baccalaureate students are women 1 Fundamental & applied science GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 6 The percentage of women among PhD students strongly depends on discipline. GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 7 The same differences in discipline are observed in companies. Medical science Life science Fundamental & applied science GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 8 The women rate in companies varies a lot according to sectors       Chemical companies Pharmaceuticals Computer science and new technologies Automotive sector GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 9 In France, the overall pay gap between women and men is close to 20%. In research, the wage gap is « only » 5% just after a PhD Salary discrepancies between men and women is more than 30% in engineering GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 10 The glass ceiling in France and in Europe Since the « Copé-Zimmermann » (2011) and « Sauvadet » (2012) laws, the rate of women in boards of directors has tripled between 2009 et 2015 (CAC40). • France : 34% • United Kingdom : 30% • Germany : 22% Chances to become a manager GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 11 Table of contents Gender Diversity in engineering : overview in France • Situation in higher education and in companies • Companies’ motivations and areas for action in favor of gender equality GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 12 Why and how companies are committed to gender equality ? • Study from the Maurice Halbwachs Centre (CNRS – EHESS – ENS), under the direction of Sophie POCHIC – And in partnership with the Ministry of Labour (DARES) • 186 texts (2014/15) randomly chosen : a representative sample of collective bargaining activity in 10 sectors with companies which vary : – In size – Negotiation practices – Rate of women – Employee qualification levels GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 13 3 main motivations are found in these texts Committing to equality between men and women in order : 1) to respect the laws and avoid penalties – « Copé-Zimmermann » and « Sauvadet » laws 2) Because this is good for business – Diversity is good for creativity – We need women to design product for women 3) Because of the special nature of the company, – social tradition or cultural specific characteristics From : Sophie Pochic et al. GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 14 4 areas for action : 1) Hiring more women, – % in line with the rate of women in technical and scientific education – In favor of men for highly feminized sectors 2) Making it easier to combine work and family life, 3) Encouraging career development of women – Mainly for top level, – Especially in big companies 4) Decreasing gender wage gaps – Corrective measures in case of claim – Discussion about significant gaps – Sometimes but rare : special budget to correct disparities in men's and women's wages From : Sophie Pochic et al. GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 15 Many initiatives and networks GSI'17 Gender Equality session Gender diversity in industry November 8, 2017 16 References • 2016 Filles et garçons, sur les chemins de l’égalité, de l’école à l’enseignement supérieur - MENESR (chiffres 2014) • 2016 État de l’emploi scientifique - enquête MENESR • 2016 Chiffres-clés - Ministère des Familles, de l’Enfance et des Droits des femmes • 2013 La poursuite de carrière des docteurs récemment diplômés - Étude Adoc • Pourquoi et pour qui les entreprises s’engagent sur l’égalité femmes-hommes ? Sophie Pochic, Centre Maurice Halbwachs, CNRS – EHESS – ENS • Actes du Colloque de l’association Femmes & Sciences, 5 novembre 2016 à MINES ParisTech, en partenariat avec : Théorie et Pratique Gender Diversity in industry : Overview of the situation, motivation and areas for action - France V. Archambault, MINES ParisTech and Femmes & Sciences Association, November 8, 2017 3rd conference on Geometric Science of Information Session "Gender Equality - Marie Curie 150th birthday : Women in Science”