Women, diversity, science and Unconscious Bias

07/11/2017
Auteurs : Nina Miolane
Publication GSI2017
OAI : oai:www.see.asso.fr:17410:20718
DOI :

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Women, diversity, science  and Unconscious Bias

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Women, diversity, science and Unconscious Bias Nina Miolane Postdoc @ Inria – Geometric Statistics for Computational Anatomy Ambassador @ L’Oreal-Unesco For Women in Science A study on unconscious bias • Job: Science Lab Manager • 2 identical resumes: • one with female’s name, • one with male’s name. A study on unconscious bias • Job: Science Lab Manager • 2 identical resumes: • one with female’s name, • one with male’s name. Resume with male’s name was judged: • More competent • More likely to be hired • Higher salary Our reaction Our reaction • « This does not happen today anymore.» Our reaction • « This does not happen today anymore.» • « At least not in developed countries.» Our reaction • « This does not happen today anymore.» • « At least not in developed countries.» • « Or not by people that are well educated.» Our reaction • « This does not happen today anymore.» • « At least not in developed countries.» • « Or not by people that are well educated.» • « I would never do this.» Our reaction • « This does not happen today anymore.» • « At least not in developed countries.» • « Or not by people that are well educated.» • « I would never do this.» Really? Two experiments 1. Know today’s situation Less/More game for highschools students by l’Oreal-Unesco for Women in Science 2. Acknowledge the unconscious bias Social experiment by Google Analytics. Each year: ~25 women in France are awarded the prize Each of them visit: ~3 highschools L’Oreal-Unesco for Women in Science Less More 30% female students in french university in science (including medicine) Less More 30% female students in french university in science (including medicine) 28% Less More 25% women in French Engineering schools Less More 25% women in French Engineering schools 27% Less More 5% Nobel Prizes in science awarded to women since 1901 Less More 5% Nobel Prizes in science awarded to women since 1901 3% Less More 15% female phd students in science in France Less More 15% female phd students in math in France 11% Less More 10% leaders or co-founders of venture-backed US startups are female Less More 10% leaders or co-founders of venture-backed US startups are female 11% Less More 2: is the number of female scientists that highschool students have heard about. Less More 2: is the number of female scientists that highschool students have heard about. Less More 1 10% of highschool students think that women are less capable in science. Less More 10% of highschool students think that women are less capable in science. Less More ~5% Take home message 1 Acknowledge today’s situation + Communicate on science and scientists Two experiments 1. Know today’s situation Less/More game for highschools students by l’Oreal-Unesco for Women in Science 2. Acknowledge the unconscious bias Social experiment by Google Analytics. Unconscious bias • We receive 11 millions bits of information every moment. • We can only consciously process 40 bits.  99.999996% is unconscious. Male Female Male Female Husband Male Female Uncle Male Female Grandpa Male Female Son Male Female Girl Male Female Mother Male Female Daughter Male Female Grandma Male Female Wife Male Female Wife Liberal Arts Science Liberal Arts Science Engineering Liberal Arts Science Biology Liberal Arts Science Music Liberal Arts Science Chemistry Liberal Arts Science Literature Liberal Arts Science Geology Liberal Arts Science English Liberal Arts Science Humanities Liberal Arts Science Physics Liberal Arts Science Math Liberal Arts Science Math Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Music Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Mother Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Philosophy Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Father Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science History Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Wife Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Engineering Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Son Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Chemistry Female or Liberal Arts Male or Science Physics Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Father Engineering Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Music Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Daughter Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Uncle Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Math Girl Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Literature Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Husband Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Male or Liberal Arts Female or Science Physics Take home message 2 Call out your unconscious biases. + Call others’ unconscious biases. Thank you.