CIFA 2004 - Contrôle optimal appliqué au problème de rentrée atmosphérique

30/09/2017
Publication e-STA e-STA 2004-4
OAI : oai:www.see.asso.fr:545:2004-4:20032
DOI :

Résumé

CIFA 2004 - Contrôle optimal appliqué au problème de rentrée atmosphérique

Métriques

16
7
239.02 Ko
 application/pdf
bitcache://17abf3f9d90db34c03a34758feb839c828a96de6

Licence

Creative Commons Aucune (Tous droits réservés)
<resource  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
                xmlns="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4"
                xsi:schemaLocation="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4/metadata.xsd">
        <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.23723/545:2004-4/20032</identifier><creators><creator><creatorName>Emmanuel Trélat</creatorName></creator></creators><titles>
            <title>CIFA 2004 - Contrôle optimal appliqué au problème de rentrée atmosphérique</title></titles>
        <publisher>SEE</publisher>
        <publicationYear>2017</publicationYear>
        <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Text</resourceType><dates>
	    <date dateType="Created">Sat 30 Sep 2017</date>
	    <date dateType="Updated">Sat 30 Sep 2017</date>
            <date dateType="Submitted">Fri 17 Aug 2018</date>
	</dates>
        <alternateIdentifiers>
	    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="bitstream">17abf3f9d90db34c03a34758feb839c828a96de6</alternateIdentifier>
	</alternateIdentifiers>
        <formats>
	    <format>application/pdf</format>
	</formats>
	<version>34048</version>
        <descriptions>
            <description descriptionType="Abstract"></description>
        </descriptions>
    </resource>
.

   
    !"$#&% ' %  ( )*,+-  ./ (-
01'2 3 40*5 '67"#&% 8:9;9=<?>$@BADCFEHGJIKMLNBOFP PRQ <?SUTWVXBŠDA?j ‹tŒ$ŒwZŽ"B‹’‘”“•‹W?“r–ZŒw?“—˜‘™BšZ›UœržŸ‘¡ "• —"“"“›¢£$£Z¤$¤$¤ƒ‘¥ŒM?“—‘™wšZ›Uœ¦žƒ‘¡ $•B£B§¦“"•‹BW?“ ¨ƒ©ª™«­¬® ©ª°¯²±F³2´cµ·¶¸³º¹»¼X½™¼X´¥´¥¼0¾‡¿=À¦½™ÁDÃÅļ[Æe¼gÇu¼HÈcÁD³º¹”½ÊÉÁDÃ˼gÁ‡À…¹¡¶ÌƟ¾‡Ã Ç?µ·¿¦³…¼(³…¾ͺ¼R¹¥¹”¼ƒ´™Àu¾[¹¡¶Ë¾‡Ã·¼Ÿ¼X³JÀÎ…¾º´°¼˜Çu¼b½”¼X³º¹”½»¼R¼ƒ¾[¹¡ÆŸÁ‡´™ÀÎM»¼½c¶ËÏu¿…¼ºÐ ÁWÄ¿3Ã˼;ÈcÁD³º¹”½ÊÉÁDÃ˼ѼX´Ò¹HÃÓµ¾‡³…ԅ÷¼ÑÇu¼=ÔXÉÕ·¹™¼ºÐÖ¼×¹ØÃ˼;ÈcÁÉ¿D¹J¼´°¹HÃ˼ÑÙZ¿…Ú ¹¡Î…¼X½cƃ¶¸Ïu¿…¼¹”Áʹ™¾‡ÃŸÛÓÜžºÈ¡¹”¼X¿u½gÇ?µ·¿u´™¿u½”¼ÑÇu¼Ñ÷¾2³…¾͇¼×¹¥¹”¼XÝcÞ,ßµÁ‡Â…à°¼È¡á ¹¡¶ËÜâ¼´Ò¹ƒÇu¼(ÇU»¼×¹”¼½cƶ¸³…¼X½e¿¦³…¼b¹¡½™¾[à°¼XÈ¡¹™Á…¶Ë½”¼ƒÁ‡À…¹¡¶ÌƟ¾‡Ã·¼Öà™¿u´¥Ïu¿ZµÌľg¿¦³…¼ ÈR¶¸ÂÃ·¼HÇuÁD³¦³U»¼R¼‡Ð,´¥¾ºÈc΅¾‡³Ê¹(Ïu¿…¼HÃ˾ѳ…¾ͺ¼R¹¥¹”¼g¼´Ò¹_Çu¼JÀÃÌ¿u´b´°Á…¿¦Æƒ¶¸´°¼ ľ Çu¼X´ãÈcÁD³º¹”½”¾‡¶Ì³Ê¹”¼´;´”¿u½‚ÃÓµ¥»¼R¹™¾[¹Ð7ľ´°¾XͺÁD¶¸½=´”¿u½-Ã˼äÙZ¿…Ú¹¡Î…¼½™á ƶËÏu¿…¼ºÐuÃŵ¾ºÈ×È?»¼[ỼX½™¾[¹c¶·Á…³e³…Á‡½cƟ¾‡Ã·¼‡Ðº¼×¹âÃ˾’À¦½™¼X´¥´”¶·ÁD³ƒÇu妳…¾‡Æ¶ËÏu¿…¼ºÞ…戼 À¦½”Á‡ÂÃ¡»¼XƟ¼w¾(»¼×¹»¼ˆÈcÁDƃÀÃÅļR¹™¼[Æe¼[³Ê¹½»¼´¥ÁDø¿ÖÇu¾‡³u´"¿¦³…¼â´u»¼½c¶Ë¼UÇ?µ¾º½¥¹c¶ËÈ÷¼X´ çè[é Ð çËê×é Ð çëXé Þ ìeícî «­ïñð¥ò ©ª¥«ó¯ ¹”½”¾[à°¼Èc¹™ÁD¶¸½”¼ôÁ‡À…¹c¶¸ÆŸ¾‡Ã˼ºÐ_À¦½¡¶Ì³uÈR¶¸À¼ǝ¿Ɵ¾ÊÚu¶ÌÆe¿¦Æ(Ð Æe¹¡Î…ÁuÇu¼õÇu¼’¹c¶Ë½Þ ö[÷Ÿø;ùúeûütýDþÓÿþ ù ú ?ù ý
üÖü ú ü ü   :ûütü  ù ÿ  ûü þ  ü    !#"%$&"('*)&!,+.-0/  )21" 354768:9<;=4 >@?BA4 >A46#9DCA4E6 ?<8GFH4I3JIK5LNM<4 >@4OCP>GQR9&>:SUTVA4E6 ?&8GFXW SHQ0Y 6Z9<8:>[?&\#] 4E] 8[9:45_45F^?`>:aEA4O9<8[SH4_bR] 9<\D>[8dc9eFH4eMO4>_bR] 9e\D>:8.c9:SUQR?[4O]fa\ SUgDb4hCi_W ?A4O8:9]?<6>:b 8:4kj l 68[9:8f?&\ CPp48:>[C _W 9<8[mSq>[4OC ?A4O8:9D?A4OCOM l _A4T<4OFH9e66Z4QR4\D>r_4sF^?&\ ]4b8fCR_4BC:?&>:4OFHFUSq>[4OC  ht-h/    $[8On4hCSHQR6Z9<8:>[?&\D>{z{M l 68[9:8A44|?.>[QR9eC:6aEA4O8:S^gDb4}jZ]IF(W 9~_b p*?} $  }‚$.ƒ`/ZvHR„`"X-  ! _A4T<4OFH9e66EA406 ?<8|FH4 3JIK5LNM…gDbS] 9<\#CPS^C=>[40n?|4O\…T<9.†<4O8@b\4~\ ?dTe4 >P>[4`C:6 ?.>[SU?A44`Te48fC@F^?6F^?&\n4 >[4`‡B?&8fCOMe_?<\ CVFU4`m b>E_4I8f?&QR4\ 485C:b8 ˆ 48[8:4|_4hC‰A4O]fa#?&\D>:SUFHFU9<\#C5Q}?<8P>[SH4O\ CŠ K@\‹o<8[9eCOMFH48.c9:QR9eC:6aEA48[SUgDb4~4OCP>|j l _478 A4h_bSU8:47C:bŒrC:?@FXW=A4\4O8:oeSH4E] SU\EA4>:S^gDb4P>[4 Y QR4\D>`_?<\ CEFXW ?&>:QR9eC:6an4O8:4eM l _W ?&QR4O\48F(W 4\ o:S^?&FN_W b\4~6#9DCPSH>:SU9<\‰SH\SH>:S^?&FU4~68A4O] S^C:4 n?0b\4]SHm FH4_9e\\EA4O4@68[4\#_8:474O\}] 9[4i] 4O8P>f?&SU\4OCG]9<\D>:8f?&SU\D>:4OC C:b8iFXW=A4 >[?&>|j ] 9e\e>[8[?[4C:b8iFU4 bŽ>:a4O8:QRS^gDb4 w ]O?&87SUF†Ž? _4hCGo<4O\ C`n?FXW SU\D>A4O8:SU4b 8@_47FU?\#?dT<4 >:>:4Gz{MDCPb8VF(W ?<]O]NA4OF A4O8[?&>:SU9<\ \9e8:Q}?V_4iT<9eF^z M&4 >CPb8VFU?68[4OC[C:SH9e\0_†…\ ?[8[?:4~>[4O]fa\S^gDb4|_4CP>:8[b ]{>[b8:4dz{M l 4O\x \M#9<\s]fa48f]fa4_4|6 FHb C0n?RQRSH\SUQRSUC:48`b\B] 8[Sq>On48[4|_W 9<6Y >[SHQRS^C:?&>:SU9<\‘jFH4#b‰>[a48[QRSUgDb4~>:9<>[?:>:4eŠ ’ 4I]9<\D>:8.c9VF^?] 9e\x oeb8[?&>:SU9<\}?A48[9…_†D\#?&QRSUgDb47_4IFU?\ ?.Y T<4>P>[4<Š ’ ?,68[4QRS(n48[4ŽgDb4hC=>[SH9e\“gDbSiC:4y6#9DCP4y4hC=>}F^?,C:bSUT.?&\D>:4‘j FU4OC|p9e8[]4OC?A48[9_†…\ ?&QRS^gDb4OC6Z4bTe4\D>PY%4FUFU4OC]9<\D>:8[SHm b48Žn?sp8:4OSqY \4O8”F^?B\ ?dTe4 >P>[4‰_4rQ}?<\S(n48[4r?<_A4hgDb ?.>[4•‹KV\‘p*?&SH>0C:S5FXW ?[Sq>[b _4 4OCP>>:8[9<6–A4FU4TVA44 w C:b6EA4O8:SU4b 8:4Žn?,—d˜&™rš…Qrz{M?A40?&>PY QR9eC:6aEA4O8:S^gDb4~4OCP>7>:8[9<6‹p*?&SUmFU4iSHF4OCP>`6a…†CPS^gDb4QR4\D>7SUQ06Z9eCPY C:SHmFU4s_4soGA4\EA4O8:4O8k_4hC0p9<8f] 4hC}?A4O8:9_†…\ ? SU\e>[4\ C:4OCOŠ›ib]9<\D>:8f?&SU8:4eMC:S5FXW ?[Sq>[b _4‹4OCP>”>[8:9e6œm ?A4y?&>:QR9eC:6aEA48[SUgDb4Ž4OCP>}>:8[9<6“o<8f?&\ _4eMG4 > FU4rCP4ObF@4QR6FU9‰n?yb\ _A4O6 ?0_bžC:4b SHFi?:9e8:S^CA4‰6Z9[a48[QRSUgDb4y9”F^?y8:4O\D>:8A44R?.>[Q09DCP6 aA48[S^geb 4 COW 4 Z4h]{>:b 4sn?‹_4hCIT…SH>:4hC:C:4OCI>:8hn4hCyA4OFH4OTVA44OCOŠ#KV\€8[4T.?<\ ]fa4kC:SF(W ?&FH>:SHY >:b#_4”4hC=>] 9:8[4k˜&™}4>k—d˜&™Rš…QyM#9e\B6#4Ob>~>:8[95] 4~gDbW 9e\r?&66Z4FUFU4`F^? /¡ $d$&"(ƒ})dX/¡    '*¢-  Š £ b8f?&\D>‰]4 >P>[4s6a ?eCP4s?.>[QR9eC:6aEA4O8:S^gDb4:>:4sC:4B] 9:4] 9eQRQ04b\ /NvH$.!N -  MZ]&W 4OCP>PY n?.Y2_SH8[4geb 4|FH4hCEQ09<>:4Ob8[C`CP9e\e> ] 9eb6EA4hC“j|SHF}\W †¤?¥6 ?eC‘_4žp9<8f] 4ž_4ž6#9eb C[CA4O4<Š ’ W 4\ o _9e\ ]¦C:9¨n?©F^?©p9e8[]4¥_4¦oe8[?dT…SH>A4ª4>ª?[8dc9eFH4k4OCP>FXW ?&\oeFH4R_4Rodc«H>:4RgDbS 8[468A4OC:4\D>[4‰FXW ?<\o:8[4sFH4hC}?&SUFH4hCR4 >rb\ž6F^?&\ª]9<\D>:4O\ ?&\D>RFU? \ ?dTe4 >P>[4<ŠK@\x \MN9<\,]fa9|] 9On48[4”_W 9<6>[SHQRS^C:?&>:SU9<\€FH4  bŽ>:a4O8:QRS^gDb4~>:9&>f?&F_4~F^?R\ ?dTe4 >P>[4<Š ¬   )h+  v­'^$."X'*).!Ÿ+.-0/  )[SH9e\”68 A4h] S^CP4E_bR68[9A454 Z4h]{>[bA447_?<\ C ¯ °.± M ¯ ²d± Š³I\ªb>:SUFUSUC:4BFU4OCrFU9A4B?.>[QR9eC:6aEA4O8:S^gDb4y4 >‰b\´Q09_n4FU4s6#9eb8rFU4OC p9<8f] 4hC‰COW 448eµ]?&\D>ŽC:b8ŽFU?\ ?dT<4>P>:4eM5F^?œp9e8[]4Bo<8f?dT…Sq>f?.>[SH9e\\4FUFU4 4 >F^?Žp9<8f] 4}?A48[9…_†D\#?&QRSUgDb40gDbSVC:4R_A4O]9:4‘_SH>:4œ_4 "  $¶·¸!  h 4 >sb\ 4,]9:4‘_Sq>[4œ_4 /) {¹ "2$.!Ztf  ’ 4~C:†C=>On4QR4`4hC=>EQR9<\9:8A44i4>7FH4] 9e\e>[8dc9eFH4I4OCP>7FU?Rº ¶·¸"2 t'¸!  ƒR$&"('*¢-  w FXW ?&\oeFH4_W ?.>:>[?egeb 4~4hC=>7x 5A4hz{Š ³I\_9<\ \4kb \QR9_Nn4FU4”oGA4\EA48f?&FN>[4\ ?<\e>|] 9eQR6>:40_4kF^?r8[9&>f?.Y >:SU9<\ w b\SHp9<8[Q04dz0_4sFU? ˆ 48[8:4y?&b>:9[4OC[CP4s?<\o:4BÂü w(Ä&ÅdÆ:ÄdÇ<Æ:ÄdÈ z b\}8[46n48[4oD?&FUSHFA4O4\R_9<\D>VFXW 9e8:SUoVFU4`] 4O\D>:8[4`ɖ_4iF^? ˆ 4O8:8[4[?&>:SU9<\Žn?`FU?IT…Sq>[4OC[CP4 Áž?&b>:9 Ë F(W SH\D>[48fCP4h]{>:SU9<\r?dTe4O]EFU4`Q§A4O8:S^_SU4\r_4 Í~8[44\…Î7S^]faŠ L…9 Ê FU4}8[?d†e9<\,_4}FU? ˆ 48[8[404>”ÏÐFU4r] 4O\D>:8[4r_4}Q}?P>[4<Š³I\B\9<>:4 Ê~ÑÅ ¼ w*ÄdÒ&Æ[ÄOÓ2Æ[ÄdÔ z`FU4k8[46n48[4?f?&\D>RFU? _S^C=>f?&\ ]4ÉÏRM × FU?0FU9<\oeSq>[b _4|4> Ø F^?0FU?&>:SH>:b _4<Š ’ 4C:†…CP>On4QR4|_4] 9…9<8f_9e\\EA4O4OCECP6 aA48[S^geb 4OC68A4OC:4\D>:4b\ 4CPSU\Y oA4?&by6 c9eFH4J`9<8f_‰4>I?&b‹6 c9eFH4”L…b#_Š9eb8‰A4O]8:SU8:4~F^?}_†…\ ?.Y QRSUgDb4~CP9eb CGp9e8:QR4i6 FHb CC:SHQR6FU4`9e\rSH\D>[8:9_bSH>5FU4`8[46n48[4EQ09emSUFH4 Ê Ç ¼ wfÆeÆ z_9<\D>|FXW 9e8:SUo”Ï _4}FU?‹Q}?&\SXn4O8:4RCPb SHT.?&\D>[4<Š L…9eSq>  j
 w w Pz ÆNw Pz Æ#w PzPz|F^?Ž>:8f?.;=4h]{>:9eSH8[4R_4rÏÐQR4hCPb8 A4O4 _?<\ C@FU4`8[46n48[4 Ê Å 4> FU?|T…SH>:4hC:C:4i8[4F^?.>:SUT<4 ¼ZË  ZÌ  »ŸŠ 9:4Ob8  4OCP>~b \T<4h]{Y >:4Ob8|b\SH>[?|9e8:SU4\D>A4 6 ?<8 ! Ä Ò#" ™Š³I\s6#9DCP4  ¼ %$ Š ’ ?r_SU8[4O]{>[SH9e\s_4”F^?}T…Sq>[4OC[CP4 4OCP>6 ?&8f?&Q§A4>:8[SUCA44_ ?&\ CIFH4R8[46n48[4 ÊÑÅ ¼ w(Ä Ò Æ:Ä Ó Æ:Ä Ô zI6 ?&8_4Ob ?&\ o[4'& M?[4 FXW ?<\o:8[4”b\€6FU?<\Ba9e8:S+*9e\e>f?&F 4 >b\6F^?&\€] 9<\D>[4\ ?<\e> F^?0\ ?dT<4>P>:4eM l FXW ?,*SUQ”b>.-5MGF(W ?&\oeFH44\D>[8:4EF^?I6 8:9<;=4O]{>[SH9e\k_4' _ ?&\ C b\y6F^?&\ya9e8:S+*9e\D>[?&FN4>EFU4|T<4h]{>[4b8 Ä Ô Š ’ WPA4hgeb#?.>:SU9<\ p9e\ _?&QR4O\e>f?&FU4´_4¦FU? Q§A4h]?<\SUgDb4eM”gDbS‰4hC=>“b\4 A4hgeb#?.>:SU9<\‘_SH `A48[4\D>:SU4FUFH4}_bŸC:4O]9<\ _,9e8[_8[4}CPb 8/0 È MC:4R>:8f?<_b Sq> 6 ?<87b\sCP†CP>On4OQ04_?<\ CEFH4hCi] 9…9e8[_9e\\EA4O4OC wÖ.Æ[×=Æ:Ø`Æ  Æ & Æ -z{Š G?&8V?5gDb4iF^?\ ?dTe4 >P>[474OCP>5b\ 6F^?&\4Ob8hM]&W 4OCP>PY n?.Y2_SH8[4geb 4 vU$~/ ).-…f  O0+<”vH$}!N$1(. "X"2” f"5! -v¸vH M 4 >_W ?&b>:8[4k6 ?<8P>|9e\€C:b66Z9eC:40gDb4RF^?‰T…SH>:4OC[C:40_4RFXW ?&>:QR9eC:6an48[4 4OCP>|FU?ŽT…Sq>[4OC[CP4R_4RF^? ˆ 48[8:4.2NF^?‹TDSH>:4hC:C:408:4OFU?&>:SUT<4k_40F^?Ž\ ?dT<4>P>:4 6 ?<878[?<66#9e8P>”n?0F^? ˆ 48[8[4~4hC=>i_9e\ ]~FU?RT…SH>:4hC:C:48:4OFU?&>:SUT<43 Š ’ 4OC”p9<8f] 4hCk?kC:b80FU?€\ ?dTe4 >P>[4ŽC:9<\D>kF^?sp9e8[]4Ž_4‹o<8f?.Y T…Sq>A4r4>”FU?sp9<8f] 4‰?A48[9_†…\ ?&QRS^geb 4[4r_SH>:4‰_4 "  $ ¶·¸!  h w 9e66Z9eCA44Bn?yF^?sT…Sq>[4OC[CP4dz{M4>”b\4 p9<8f] 4B_Sq>[4€_4 / )  "2$.!Ntf w 6Z48[6Z4\ _S^] b FU?[4OC[CP4dz{Š³I\ \9<>:454}4OCP> FXW ?<\o[4A45_45F(W ?.>[Q09DCP6 an48[4 859 Æ 8 Ô FU4OCG]9…4 Œr] SU4\D>[C_45>:8f?dc«H\EA44@4>G_46Z9<8:>[?<\ ] 4eŠ.354hCG] 9…4 ŒRY ] SU4\D>fC_A4O6#4O\ _4O\e>_4@FXW ?<\o:>[?egeb 4:8[4@FXW ?&…4 _bB6 FU?<\4b8I4 >~FH4kT<4O] >:4Ob8`T…SH>:4OC[C:4.2Z]?}68[SH9e8:S b\] 9e\D>:8.c9VFXW ?<8[]`?.>:QR9DCP6aEA48[SUgDb4ESUF#4hC=>Vx5A4<Š Ji9<>:8[4‰C:4bF] 9<\D>[8dc9eFH4R4OCP>k_9e\ ]}FXW ?<\o:44ª_9e\e>kF(W 4  N4 > 4OCP>I_9ebmFU4}j QR9_SHx 48IF(W ?&FH>:SH>:b _4Q}?&S^Ci?&b C[C:S>:9eb8:\ 48kn?}_8[9:4 9`6#9eb8iF^?r_4O\ CPSH>A4?.>:QR9DCP6aEA48[SUgDb4b\ QR9_Nn4FU404 6#9e\4\D>[SH4OF:6 wÖ z¼;6!

=?,@fM4 >|6 ?&8|?[?<\D> 6 ?eC ?P>:4 4OCP>œA4Ooe?”CP9ebQRSUC:4€n?sF^?yp9<8f] 4r_4y359<8[SU9yn?sF^?yp9<8f] 4 _W 4\D>:8f?dc«H\4OQR4\D>OŠ G SU\ ?OMhF(W ?&8f]@?.>[QR9eC:6aEA4O8:S^gDb4G4OCP> _A4O] 8[SH>6 ?&8 FH4CP†CP>On4OQR4 C:bSHT.?<\e>j H Ò HI ¼  CPSU\& HJ HI ¼ KACPSU\&)K Å Ç 6.LNM O P  Ç  Á Ç Ö ]9eC ØIw C:SH\5&~]9eC Ø K‘] 9DCQ&IC:SH\ Ø ] 9eCQ-z HR HI ¼ ]9eCQ& w KCJ  JÒ z  Å Ç 6.L!M%S P  ]9eCT4  ˜eÁ‹] 9eC Ø CPSU\-  Á Ç Ò J ]9eC ØIw ] 9DCQ&I]9eC ØU CPSU\&~C:SU\ Ø ] 9eCV- z H Ô HI ¼ JÒ ]9eCQ&] 9eCV- H Ó HI ¼ K JÒXWZY[ R []\ ^%_ WZY[ Ô H _ HI ¼ Å Ç 6.L!M%S P J WZY[ R C:SH\`4  JÒ ]9eCQ&I>[?<\ Ø CPSU\-  ˜eÁ w C:SH\ Ø K€>[?<\&~] 9DC Ø ]9eCQ- z  Á Ç Ò J [\ ^ Ô WZY[ Ô [\ ^%_ WZY[ R w —hz 9[SHFUS^CA4O4OCOM9<\œC:408 A4p2n48[40?:S^] FU4OCE6 8A4h] SH>A4hCŠ a cb 7/  )eu v ®ƒ}0+eRt[)&! "  ¶).vH0)[/N"('¸ƒ}$.v ’ 4‹68:9emF(n4QR4‰4hC=>}_W ?&QR4\ 48RF(W 4\ o[SU?A4 SU\Sq>[SU?A4kx \ ?:4QR6 C>:4O8:QRSU\ ?&F hg”4OCP>VFHSUm8[4FH4hCV] 9e\ _SH>:SU9<\ C5?&bRFUSHQRSH>:4OCC:9<\D>_9e\\EA4O4OC@_ ?&\ C F^?”>f?&mFU4
/{Š 359<\ _SH>:SU9<\#CESH\SH>:S^?&FU4OC 359e\ _SH>:SU9<\ Cx \#?&FU4OC ?&FH>:SH>:b#_4 wji z —<—lk Š mD˜|š…Q — ² š…Q T…Sq>[4OC[CP4 w  z npoe™,o Š k ² Qfq&C o!o ² Qfq&C ?&\ o:SH>:b#_4 w*Ø z ™ —h™Š k,k”_4o FU9<\oeSq>[b _4 w*× z FHSUm8[4~9eb‰x 5A44rn?‹—<—lr Š ² k”_4Oo —sr,rŠ o!mk_4o ?>*OSHQkb> w -z FHSUm8[4 FUSHm 8:4 tTuwv%xQy)z {}|>~>>€‚p€ƒ|,~,„†…1‡1ˆ
‰€ƒŠ%€‚p‹l„ ’ ?–\ ?dTe4 >P>[4ž4OCP>OM”?[8A4O4“?&>PY QR9eC:6aEA4O8:S^gDb4:8[9:8f?&SU\e>[4OC~j l 359e\e>[8[?[4~C:b87FU4Œ -,Ž‰"¡  ƒk'*¢-  j  ¼8‘l’ 6  È
“  P`”–• Æ w ˜[8[?[4~C:b8 vh— $et[t  v    $."X'*).!‘!Z)  ƒR$&vH j &T˜R¼™&Q˜>< w]š zZ6  Ç
“ & P`”–• ˜ Æ w(° z l 359e\e>[8[?[4~C:b87F^? /   ff'*)&!,+>›.!Z$.ƒ0'*¢-  j — ˜ 6  Ç “œ P`”–• w oDz K@FUFH4hC|CP9e\e>|8[468 A4hCP4O\e>A44hC`C:b8|F^?‹x o ŠG—r_?<\ CFU4r_9:SU9<\y_4|F(W ?<]O]NA4OF A48f?.>:SU9<\fž0¼ Å Ç LNM O P 6  Ç 4 >`_4  Š normal acceleration dynamic pressure thermal flux J H Ÿ¡ ‚¢p£ P £
¤%¥–¦¨§©ª ‚¦7§j«­¬:¬j®p©}¯±°²«­§ª§h³1«Z§X¬]§©ª§l²«­¢– ‚«†´p«†µXª©¶>¥–¯‚´>·–¸:©¹ª­º¨«­¬ ’ 4`6 8:9emF(n4QR4i_4I]9<\D>:8.c9:SUQR?E_4iQRSU\SHQRS^CP4O85FU4i#b >:a 48[Q0S^gDb4>:9<>[?“]4¦]8:SH>On4O8:4¦_W 9e6>:SUQRSUC[?.>[SH9e\MR6FUb CPSU4b 8[C“]fa9”4\Ÿp*?&SH>06Z9eC[CPSUmFU4OC”4 >kFU4OC0] 8[SH>On4O8:4hCrn?B68[4\ _8:4r4O\] 9eQR6>:4 C:9<\D>@FH4ip*?<]{>[4b8_W b CPb 8:4iFUS A4”n?|FXW SU\D>A4Oo<8f?&FU4_br b0>:a4O8:QRS^geb 4i4 > FU4] 9<\p9<8:>7_4T<9eFFHS A4rn?RF(W SU\e>A4oe8[?[SH9e\}\9<8[Q}?&FU4<Š ³I\y]fa97FH4|6 8:4OQ0SU48i]8:SH>On48[4[4QR6 CEx \#?&F} hgA4>[?<\e>7FUSHm 8:4eŠ ¾  ‚Z"  $&"   º '*”+}—¿k$  / ).vH+y"ÁÀ  $>(d  L…S<9e\p*?&SH>F(W ?&6 68:9dSUQ}?.>:SU9<\Â'à Kž MOFH45] 9cb>6#4Ob>Vc4>:8[4kA4O]8:SH>@j 8 w 4z5¼ »;» J½ J E  Ç ’ ž ž  Æ » " ™ Æ 4 > FU? C=>[8[?&>A4Oo[SHQ}?&FU4Õ]9<\ C:SUCP>:4 ?&FU9<8fCÕn? Q}?.SUQRSUC:48 FXW ?e]]NA4F A48f?.>[SH9e\Ğ06Z4\ _?<\D>5>[9[4IF^?k_b8A44`_bŽT<9eF(Š3IW 4hC=>EF^?6Z9&Y FUSq>[SUgDb4B_A4O] 8[SH>:4y_?&\ C ¯ n ± M@gDbSi8A4O_b Sq>RFH4y68[9:8[9:8f?.;=4h]{>[9RFH4‹m#9e8[_§_b§_9[?&>[C0?&b>[9&Y 8[SUCA4OCOM_?&\#CF(W 9<8f_8[4RC:bSUT.?&\D>}j b€>:a4O8:QRS^geb 4}QR?&SHQ}?&FXM6bS^C ?<]O]NA4OF A48f?.>:SU9<\‘\9e8:Q}?[?&oe4B_4]4 >P>[4Q§A4>:a9_4B4hC=>‹geb 4FU4BFH9e\o_W b\´?<8[] p8[9<\D>:S(n48[4FH4`]9<\D>:8.c9PY n?.Y2_SU8:4ž4O\¤p9e\ ]{>[SH9e\ _4 FXW=A4>[?&>OŠk354 >:>:4ªp9e8:QR4ª4hC=>ŸmSU4\ ?<_ ?&6>A44?&bŽ68:9emF(n4QR4OC4O\‰>[4QR6 C78A44OF(M…4>`CP468Oc4 >[4Im SH4O\y?f?&mSUFUSUC[?.>[SH9e\Š 3546Z4\ _?<\D>I] 4>P>:4kQA4 >[a9_4 ! — {{" /$.k)[/N"('¸ƒ}$.vH 6Z9[8:4 ] 8[SH>On4O8:4eM4 >0\9&>[8:4Žmb>k4hC=>R_4Ž]fa 48f]fa48b \4r>[8[?&;=4O]{>[9:SHY Q}?&FU4<Š öRöX÷Ñûütÿ  ý D$ÿ˜ü ÿþ¸  ý<þ ù  ÿ   ûü þ  üZÿ  ‚#"  $&"   º '*0¢- $d{' ¹ )[/N"('¸ƒ}$.vH ³I\B8[?<66Z4FUFH4FU4”8 A4hCPbFH>[?&>IC:bSHT.?<\e>hM#QR9e\e>[8A4_?&\ C ¯ ˜ ± oe8dc?e] 4Žn? b\4‹?&\ ?:8[SUgDb4kx \4‰_4OC4…>:8A4Q}?&FU4OC|_9<\\EA44OC6 ?&8 FU4|68:SU\ ]SH6Z4_byQ}?.SHQkbQÐ?dTe4O]~] 9<\D>[8[?:4hCECPb87FXW=A4 >f?.>OŠ  )[/ )d{'¸"X'*).!  L…4FU9<\ FU4OC©_4Ob¿6 8:9emF(n4QR4OC¥4\…T…S^C:?[?:b _4BSH\ Sq>[SU?ŽFHSUm8[4:8f?.>A4oeSH4y9<6>:SUQR?OMD?dT<4h]5b \47m#9e\\4`?<668[9dSHQ}?.>[SH9e\M = 
 g Ó • 
 ” 
EM<9nb 
w 8[4OC:6Š = zI4hC=>b\‘?&8f]”] 9e8:8[4OC:6Z9<\ _?<\D>I?&b,] 9<\D>[8dc9eFH4 4§¼¨™ w 8[4OC:6Š4 ¼z{ME4> sg Ó • w 8:4hCP6Š ” z‰4OCP>yb\¦?<8[]Bp8:9e\e>[S(n48[4 ] 9e8:8[4OC:6Z9<\ _?<\D>0n?‰F^?‹] 9<\D>[8[?:40CPb 8~FU40 bs>[a48[QRSUgDb4 w 8[4OC:6Š C:b87F(W ?<]O]NA4OF A48f?.>:SU9<\}\ 9<8[QR?[b _4SH\ Sq>[SU? xA4O4[8[?&>A4Oo[SHQ}?OM ?dT<4h]`b \4|m#9e\\4?<668[9d…SUQ}?.>[SH9e\M =
lg Ó •
= Š ’ 4OC~] 9e\D>:8.c90n?‰b\€?<8[]p8[9<\D>[S(n4O8:4kCP9e\e>]?E6#?&8i_A4O8:SUT.?.>[SH9e\Š 354}8A4hCPb Fq>f?.>|_W ?<668[9dSHQ}?.>[SH9e\\W 4OCP>6 ?eC~p*?<] SUFU4sn?‹QR9<\D>[8:4O8OŠ 9On4OQ04 w —hz _A4h] 8[SHT.?<\e>EFXW ?<8[]?.>[QR9eC:6aEA4O8:S^gDb4`4hC=>`_4|F^?kp9<8[QR4  ¼ w &z Å Å&w &z NÇZÇ! ‰¼ w*Ö.Æ  Æ & Æ:Ø`Æ:×=Æ - z ŠZKV\€6Z9&Y C[?&\D>" Å ¼ wÖ.Æ  Æ &z`4 ># Ç ¼ w(ØiÆ[×=Æ -z{M#9<\B6Z4b>|_A4h] 9eQ06Z9eC:48`FH4 C:†…CP>On4QR4~_4|FU?0Q}?&\SXn4O8:4CPb SHT.?&\D>[4}j  Å ¼%$ Å&w ÅdÆÅ z  É w Á7z Æ  Ç ¼&$ Çew ÆNÇ z ’ 4068[4QRSU48CP9eb C=Y2C:†…CP>On4QR4|8:4O68A4OC:4\D>:4|F^? /$  "('*rt'¸!  ƒ}$."X'*¢ -  M SXŠ 4eŠ FU4 ƒR)&-T(dƒR! "vH)&! º '¸"(- +&'¸!Z$.v _4”FU?R\ ?dTe4 >:>:4[?&\#_SUC`geb 4|FH4 C:4O] 9e\ _‹CP9eb C=Y2C:†…CP>On4QR4i8[468A4OC:4\D>[4`F^? / $  "X'*0+1›.!Z$&ƒk'*¢-  M SXŠ 4eŠFH4 ƒ}).-T(. ƒ} !#"`vH$&"    $&v Š}/2F@COW ?dTNn4O8:4”gDb4RFU4R68:4OQRSH4O8CP9eb C=Y2C:†…CP>On4QR4 ] 9e\ CP>:SH>:b4Eb\47mZ9<\ \47?&668[9dSHQ}?&>:SU9<\”_b}C:†C=>On4QR4E] 9hM.4 > 4\€68[4QRS(n48[4”?&\ ?|CP40] 9e\ ] 4O\e>[8:4O8~C:b8~FHb S(Š3IW 4OCP>~b\ C:†…CP>On4QR4~?&Œ}\4|QR9<\9[8A44I_4c/0 È M _4|F^?”p9e8:QR4Rj  ¼& w z '‰w] z Æ    “ — ³I8hM_?&\ C_4hC|] 9e\ _SH>:SU9<\ CoGA4\EA48[SUgDb4hCM#FH4RmZ9<8f_€_4RFXW 4O\ C:4Q”m FH4 ?<]O] 4hC:C:SHm FH4E4\R>[4QR6 CV6#4>:SH>V4OCP>V] 9e\ C=>[Sq>[bEA4i_4hC@C:b8Pp*?e] 4hC p9<8[QA44OC 6 ?<8“FU4OCž?<8[]OC 
 = 4 >  = 
7MR4>ª_4¥6 FHb C“>[9ª6Z9©n? FXW SU\D>A4O8:SU4b8 _4F(W 4\ C:4QkmFU45?<]O] 4hC:C:SHm FH4@6Z4b>c4>:8[45?&>P>:4OSH\D> 6 ?&8 b\4 >:8f?.;=4h]{>[9  = 9eb 
 = 
w ] p ¯ k ± z{Š'(5SU4\ C&cb8 ]4V8A4OC:bFH>[?.>\ 4@>:SU4\D>6 ?:45_W=A4OT<4O\e>[b4FUFU4OC]9<\D>:8f?&SU\D>:4OC C:b87F(WPA4>[?.>hŠ /2F p*?_9e\ ]74O\ CPb Sq>[4‹A4 >f?&mFUSU85] 4`o<4\ 8:4`_4i8A4OC:bFq>f?.>fCGFH9e8[C[gDbW SHF 4 S^C=>[4B_4OC‰] 9<\D>[8[?:4hCRCPb8}FXW=A4 >f?.>OŠ £ ?&\#C ¯ — ± MVSHF`?¨A4>A4´A4>[?&m FHS gDb4f?&SU\4OC5] 9<\#_Sq>[SH9e\ COMeF^?C:†D\D>[an4OC:47>[4QR6 CPYXQRSU\SHQ}?On4OQR4}68A4O]NA4O_4O\e>4hC=>R_4‰F^?yp9e8:QR4  = *)
*+,)
 = M 9nb ,)
4hC=>7b\s?&8f]I>[?<\o<4O\e>”n?0FXW ?<8[]Ip8[9<\D>:S(n48[4 '+ Š G SU\ ?OM_?<\ C ¯ ˜ ± SHF4hC=>74…6 FHS^gDbA4] 9i] 48A4OC:bFH>[?&> 6Z48[Q04>R_W=A4>[?:SU9<\Ÿ]SqY2_4hC:C:b Ck6#9eb8RFH4‹CP†CP>On4OQ04 ] 9eQR6FH4>OŠ ¬ ~ v º )  '¸"¡…ƒ}R+<”"('  ƒ0-v­"X' /ZvH 354 >”?&FUo<9e8:SH>:a Q04R4hC=>kCP>[?<\ _?<8[_M4>b\4r8 A4phA48[4\ ]4k]FU?eC:C:SUgDb4 4OCP> ¯ —<— ± Š‰J`9žFU4 68[SH\#] SU6#4¨_4 FU? QA4 >[a9_4<Š|359<\ C:S^_5A48[9<\#Cyb\ 68[9[8dc9eFH4œ9e6>:SUQ}?&F oGA4\EA4O8[?f?.>E6#4Ob>c4 >[8:4~CP9ebQRSUC|n?0_4OC7]9<\D>:8f?&SU\D>:4OCOŠ ’ W ?&6Y 6FUSU]O?.>[SH9e\r_br68[SH\#] SU6#4`_brQ}?.SHQkbQ 8A4h_bSH>@FH4`68:9emF(n4QR4”n?|b\ /  )=†D6Z4Rj #w PzV¼%- w]Zw Pz Æ Pz@¼ ./// 0 ///1 - < w ÆZw PzPz¦C:S < “ 32 Å - Å w ÆZw PzPz¦C:S Å “ 32 Ç ŠŠŠ -54 w Æ#w PzPz´CPS 4 “ “ g w rez 9nbe Å Æ Ç Æ77lÆ 476 ¯ < Æ hg ± 6Z4bTe4\D>‰c4>:8[4r_4OC”>:4OQ06#C”_4‹] 9[?.>[SH9e\M#_47;=9<\ ] >:SU9<\s9ebB_4”] 9e\D>[?<] >I?dT<4h]~b\?&8f]~p8[9<\D>:S(n48[4<Š ³I\r?_4`6FHb#CV_4hCV] 9e\ _SH>:SU9<\ C w _4I] 9<\D>[SH\…bSH>A4eM<_4`C[?&b>OM<4>[]hzG4\ ] 4hCi>[4QR6 COMZ_4OC~] 9<\#_Sq>[SH9e\ C~?&byFHSUQRSq>[4OC~4 >_4OC~] 9e\ _SH>:SU9<\ C~_4 >:8f?&\#CPTe48fC:?A4eŠ ›©68[SH9e8:S FH4”>:4OQ06#Cix \#?&F: hgr4hC=>~SH\ ]9<\\…bŠ G?&8~?&SUFHFU4b8fCi_?<\ C F^?sQA4 >[a9_4r_4}>[SH8kQ”bFH>:SU6FU4‰FU4r\9[?&>:SU9<\ C _9eSq>sc4>:8[4‰xA4.2V9<\“FH4s_A4>:4O8:QRSU\4ŽFU9<8fC[geb 4y]}6Z9eC[CPSUmFU4y6 ?&8 b\4?<\ ?&FU†CP4~oGA49:8[SUgDb4~_b‹68:9emF(n4QR4<Š ’ ?RQA4 >[a9_4|_4>:SU8iQkbFq>[SH6 FH4”]9<\ C:S^C=>[4}n?}C:bmN_SUTDS^C:48iFXW SU\D>:4O8PY T.?&FUFH4 ¯ Z< Æ g ± 4O\”¾ C:9:4O8:T.? _4E]fa ?:4O8:T.?&FUFU40A4 >f?&\D>SH\ ]9<\\…b4eŠ1@FUb C 68A4O] S^CA4QR4\D>hM C:9 < 2;: Å 2=<<<*2;:,>?2 hg}b\40CPb mZ_SUT…SUC:SU9<\A@ Ž  h _4FXW SU\Y >:4O8:T.?:9V6#9eSH\D>:CB`F^?p9<\ ] >:SU9<\  4OCP> tf).! "X'¸! -  Š ³I\“6#4Ob>r] 9<\#CPS^_A4O8:4O8D: B ] 9eQRQ04‹b\ž6Z9r_4s]9f?.>[SH9e\ x4 B z@¼ #w : =B z Æ :CB~¼%:GFB x 5A4 ³I\y_5A4 x#\Sq>iQ}?:4O\ ?&\D>7FU4OC !Z)h- +d j HsNÅ.Æ77l Æh PI ¼ H Z< Æ g IKJ H : ÅdÆl77OÆ : > I5J H ÅdÆl77Æ 4 I w n&z G SH\#?&FU4QR4\D> 9e\4OCP> ]9<\ _bSq>?&b /  ) B z:z@¼ ™ L Ö P w P Æ#w]NÅ z ÆZw P z:zV¼´™ w mez 9nb Å ¼ Z}xA4eM  P ¼ g MV4>‰FU4OC Ö B 8:4O68A4OC:4\D>:4O\e>RFU4OC ] 9e\ _SH>:SU9<\ CESU\D>A4O8:SU4b 8:4hC59ebŽFUSUQ0SH>:4hC768A4O]NA4O_4\D>:4hCŠ ³I\§?&Q§A4OFHSU9<8[4}F^?€CP>[?A4‹_4ŽF^?€QA4 >:a 9…_4‰4\“?&boeQR4\D>[?<\e> FU4\9eQ”m8[4_4B\ 9D4Ob _COŠ73IW 4OCP>ŽF2n?œ4O\ 4  N4 >‹FH4€68:SU\ ]SH6Z4€_4FU? QA4 >[a9_4‰_4‰>:SU8kQkbFH>:SU6FH4eM 6#?&8”9e66Z9eC:Sq>[SH9e\´n?sFU?QA4 >[a9_4‰_4 >:SU8`C:SHQR6FU49nbyFU4OCE48[8[4b8fC6 ?&878f?&66Z9<8:>n?kF^?}] 9e\ _SH>:SU9<\‹SH\ Sq>[SU?E4 6Z9<\4O\D>:SU4FUFH4OQ04O\D>E4O\‹p9<\ ] >:SU9<\s_4 hg.Y¹ < M T<9 B ¼ #w]
B z{Me4 >VC:9 #w Æh B = Å&Æ
B = Å zFU?C:9:SU9<\}_b 68[9 B = Å ³I\s? #w] =B z@¼ #w] =B Æ B = Å Æ
B = Å z ’ 4hC7] 9e\ _SH>:SU9<\ CESU\D>A4O8:SU4b8[4OC 4 >7p8[9<\D>[S(n4O8:4hC5COW=A4O]8:SUT<4O\e>j M  6 H ˜ Æl7l ÆN K“— I Ö B w B ÆZw =B Æh B = Å<Æ
B = Å z Æ
B z ¼´™ Æ Ö P w] P Æ
Å ÆZw = P Æ P = Å&Æ
P = Å z:z ¼´™ w kez 9eC:9<\#C5Q}?:4O\ ?&\D>|j ¼ w]
Å Æh P Æ
Ç ÆhZÇ<Æl7lÆ
P = Å Æh P = Å z ) 6 /0 ˜
Å  P = Å w 9nb  6 /0 ˜ z{Š#›iFU9<8fCEFH4hCi] 9e\ _SH>:SU9<\ C w kezCP9e\D>ET5A4O8:SHx7A4O4OCCPSVj Ï w zs¼   Ö P w P Æ
Å Æ#w] = P Æh P = ÅdÆ
P = Å zPz ÖOÇDw#ÇeÆZw =Ç ÆhÅ.Æ
Å z Æ
Ç z ŠŠŠ Ö P = Å P = Ç z Æ
P = Å z ¼ ™ w —O™ez ³I\COW 4hC=>_9e\ ]G8f?&QR4\EA4in?7_5A4 >[48[QRSH\4O8b\
*A48[97_4@F^?p9<\ ] >:SU9<\ÏRM gDbS4hC=>V_A4 x \SU47CPb 8Gb\R4OC:6 ?<]4Te4O] >:9<8[SU4F_9e\e>GF^?|_SUQ04O\ C:SH9e\k4hC=> 68[9<6Z9<8:>:SU9<\\ 4FUFH47?&bR\9eQ”m8[47_4i6Z9[C@_4i]9[?.>[SH9e\R4 >V_4 6Z9fC`_4”FU?rC:bmN_SUTDS^C:SH9e\Š ’ WPA4hgeb#?.>:SU9<\sϨ¼¥™R6Z4b>?&FU9<8fC~c4 >[8:4 8A4OC:9A48f?.>[SHTe4QR4\D>56#?&87b\4|Q§A4>:a9_4|_4>=†…6Z4Ji4OÎE>:9<\Š a ~E )[4QR6 C|_4}]9f?.>[SH9e\4 >|FU4OCT.?&FU4b 8[C~SU\Sq>[SU?[b _4R4 >”_4RFXW ?,*SUQ”b>C:9<\D>]?:a9_4R_4 >:SU8iQkbFq>[SH6 FH4eŠ¡@FUb CE68A4O]SUCA4OQ04O\D>Ij l ’ 4r68[4QRSH4O8>:4OQ06#C”_4‰]9[?.>[SH9e\M_4A = n?
M 6#4O8PY QR4 >r_W ?.;=b#C=>[480F(W 4\D>:8 A4O4‰_?&\#CkF^?€6a ? ]O?&8f?<]{>A48[S^CA4O4i6 ?<8  ¼  Q}?. Æ   ¼ª™ Š l ’ 4s>:8[9[4QR6 C‰_4€] 9eQRQ”b>f?.>:SU9<\MV_4  b n? 
EM 4hC=>´b>:SUFHS^CA4 6#9eb8´8A4oeFH4O8žF(W 4\D>:8 A4O4–_ ?&\ CªF^? 6a#?:SU9<\‰\9<8[Q}?&FU4<Š l ’ 4y]SH\#geb S(n4OQR4Ž>[4QR6 C}_4B]9[?.>[SH9e\M@_4 ?e]] n? 
EM 6Z48[QR4 >`_W ?.;=b CP>:4O87FU?0T…SH>:4OC[C:4Ix#\ ?&FU4  w g z Š l ’ W ?,*SUQ”b>sSU\Sq>[SU? - w ™ez‹CP4O8P>n?§8A4o[Sq>[b _4,x \ ?:4OQR6 Cx#\ ?&F54OCP>k_A4>:48[QRSH\EA4R6 ?&8kF(W ?&FH>:SH>:b _4}xY \ ?[?&>[C\…bQA48[S^geb 4OCECP9e\D>7C:b87FU4OCEx#o ° Š ¾ ~ ) vH)&! º '¸"(- +e'¸!#'¸"('*$&vH @ Ž  h ’ 4OC`>:4OQR6 CI_4k] 9eQRQ”b>f?.>:SU9<\4 >IF^?}T.?&FU4b 8ISU\SH>:S^?&FU4k_4kF(W ?>*OSqY Q”b>‹C:9<\D>‹]O?&F^] bF A4OC‰?dT<4O]yF^?ŸQ§A4>:a9_4€_4B>[SH8‹Q”bFH>:SU6FU4<Š`@FUb C 68A4O]SUCA4OQ04O\D>Ij l ’ 4€68[4QRSU48‹>:4OQR6 Cy_4,]9[?.>[SH9e\Mp8:9eQ = >:9
M 6Z48[QR4 >`_W ?.;=b CP>:4O87F(W 4\D>[8A4O4~_ ?&\ CEF^?R6a ?eCP4S^CP9:8[9[4QR6 C‰_4€] 9eQRQ”b>f?.>:SU9<\MV_4  b n? 
EM 6Z48[QR4 >`_4|8A4oeFH4O85F^?0T…Sq>[4OC[CP4~x \ ?[8:S(n4QR4~>:4OQR6 C`_4k] 9[?&>:SU9<\MZ_4
n?? = M 4hC=> b>[SHFUS^CA46Z9[b _4~x \ ? SH\SH>:S^?&F!- w ™ez6Z48[QR4 >_W ?&;=b CP>:48 FU?iFU?&>:SH>:b _4Vx \ ?[?&>[C\…bQA48[S^geb 4OCECP9e\D>7C:b87FU4OCEx#o ² Š 0 500 1000 0 2 4 6 8 0 500 1000 0 2000 4000 6000 0 500 1000 −0.3 −0.25 −0.2 −0.15 −0.1 −0.05 0 500 1000 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 Latitude (rad) 0 500 1000 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 Longitude (rad) 0 500 1000 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 Azimuth (rad) Ÿ¡ ‚¢p£s£
¤%¥7¥–©´p¥–¦s¦%²«­«h¬X´N°²«Z§¹ª§ ¶>¥–®p© ¯‚«.¶p©¥s¯«`« P £ 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 −2 −1 0 1 2 3 4 Bank angle (rad) seconds 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 2 4 6 8 x 10 5 Thermal flux (W/m 2 ) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 10 20 30 40 Normal acceleration (m/s 2 ) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 1 2 3 x 10 4 Dynamic pressure (kPa) seconds ŸV ‚¢p£s£ÂuX¦p¢–¯‚«´p«c¢§«­¥–¦7§j©¥–¯‚«!¹³ «Z§"­¥–¦7§j©¹ª ‚¦¨§«­¬ ¬®p©¯±° ²«Z§ª§³¶>¥–®p©¯‚« ¶s©¥p¯#«`« P £  ûü%$ ûü ü '& üZÿ (P*) v:£Tv%¥–¦p¦pª©´N³Tx£QŸ>ª®>¥–®p©j¢p³¸B£QxTª®p¦pª+Ī¦p´Äy £TtT©l²«­¯ƒª§h³-,.:¶l§ /ª¯ ­¥–¦7§j©¥–¯10   §32`¬]§¹ª§j«4­¥–¦p¬]§©ª ‚¦7§j¬³lª¦p´`§52p« ¬¶1ª­«:¬52l®l§j§j¯‚«:©j«6±«h¦¨§j©5+B¶p©¥6 p¯‚«87Q³:9<;>=@?AB;DCtíAÊîE;-FB? « îG;ƒ³ H ¥–¯±£Is³KJX¥p£s³p¶p¶!£ PLL!MºP IIs³BNNs£ ( ) v:£lv%¥–¦p¦1ª©´!³sx £7Ÿ>ª®>¥–®p©j¢ª¦p´y £ltT©l²«­¯ƒª§³O,".:¶s§j /ª¯1­¥–¦7§j©¥–¯!¥PN§52p« ª§3`¥–¬j¶2p«­© /ª©5¥P ª`¬¶1ª­«¬327®s§]§¯‚«5ª¦p´¦7®`«­© /hª¯T¬ /B®p¯ƒª§ ‚¥–¦s¬'Q+ 5®p¯ §j ‚¶p¯‚«*6 ¬52p¥l¥§j ‚¦p¢§«R2p¦s /Sl®p«T7T³l§¥ª¶p¶>«ª©  ‚¦UVuTW,£ ( ) v:£v%¥–¦p¦1ª©j´ª¦p´ yX£`tT©l²«h¯ƒª§h³",YXX¦p«Uª¶p¶s©¥ R2p« ¢T²«­¥²«­§j© /S7®p« ´p® ­¥–¦7§j©¥–¯‚«¥–¶s§j /ª¯N´p«†¯±° ª©3†ª§5`¥–¬¶<2%²«­© /S7®p«†´p«†¯ƒª5¦1ªhº¨«Z§]§«B¬¶1ª§j ƒª¯‚«47T³ ZF['\óì^]GC`_aCTbT³«­©¶OP±ª,«­¦2p¥P «­¦N³}¸:«­©3ª¦Q+¨³ e «­¶>¥–©j§¥Pw§52p«¤ ª©j¯ 6]¤%©¹ª¦‚*6 ¸:«­¬«­¯‚¯‚¬3R2pªP §h³ P IQc P £ (L) ¤DJXyDW>³‡ì}©ª™ðRs A1g#ƒ ¬[ª,« u s îg s×òª ³,¤%«­¶1ª´p®s«h¬Xy ´p¬h³ P IIs£ („ )f… £ UÄ£¤ ¥–©j¥–¦N³hx £† ©ª¯ +7³1‡ ¬ g#k s p ª"ª A i]ª AÊî i ©ª™ª's î ® í « u h ©ªi g#ƒ ¬[ª ³ e ª¶p¶>¥–©j§ d PL ¤DJXyW,³KNNNs£ (c )f… £,µ:ª©¶>¥–¯‚´
ª¦s´¤:£!¸:©¹ªhº¨«­¬h³B,ˆWO27®s§]§¯‚««­¦7§j©5+c¢–®p ‚´1ª¦­«T7T³>9<;-[ « î i í ï A sc¬ îg ðRscò F ð g ª A 𭪥« ³ H ¥–¯±£Qcl³1¶p¶N£KI M  „‰ ³ P IQcIs£ (‰ ) †¡£ µ  ‚¯ §3ª¦p¦!³ Š ¬X®âª!i g «ÒðhXª moní «­¬ AOp q¡íA ì ªhOi u ¬ A<‹cî ï ¨ s AKkt ªi îu i íOv òª¥®,ª A ¬ AKkŒ[ ¬x p s v ª Ak ª!i í*uºîg ®zscòª AŽF‡î ª¥¬[ªiÒ¬ AOp ® gËîˆF‡î ª™¬Xª!ix­¬ A<‹¡îgÌíA ª Av ª!i ª AKk òg ðh kg ®,ª A « gÌíA scòª A;¨Vns׬®,ª A1³o|X ‚¬56 ¬«­©j§ª§j ‚¥–¦N³¡Ÿ>ªl®p¯ §€ª§‘PR€®p©oU
ª§52p«ª§j /Ä®p¦p´fz ¦

³TtT«R2p¦p ‚¬5R2p« XX¦p  º¨«­©j¬  §€ª§4U’€®s¦R2p«­¦N³ P IINs£ (I ) uB£ … £“w©j«­¦p«­© ª¦p´Áµ£F\5[rì”9<;4CtíQAÊîG;a_-uºîg ® ;%Qc¹³ P ³ ¶p¶N£ P N MºP d cl³ P I ‰ Is£ (P N ) x £>†V¥–¦¨§©j ƒª¢–®p ‚¦p«–³:HB£Qv%¥–¯ §j ƒª¦p¬5l ±³ e £T¸wª‘l©j«­¯‚ ‚´‚­«¨³Nª¦p´#yX£:U /R2¨§56 R2p«­¦–¥p³–• h ©ª í i g ª,®zs î h ©ª™®os îg#ƒ ¬[ª k ª™« u i í ð󪙫­«­¬« í*uºîg ®zsc¬Q— ³>y ´p  §j ‚¥–¦p¬ U ‚©³ ¤%¥7¥–©´p¥–¦s¦%²«­«h¬X´N°²«Z§¹ª§X¶>¥–®p©}¯‚«.¶p©¥s¯«`«Ts£ 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 −1.5 −1 −0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 Bank angle (rad) seconds 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 0 2 4 6 8 x 10 5 Thermal flux (W/m2 ) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 0 10 20 30 Normal acceleration (m/s 2 ) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 0 1 2 3 x 10 4 Dynamic pressure (kPa) seconds ŸV ‚¢p£ L £¼uX¦p¢–¯‚«#´p« ¢!§j« ­¥–¦7§j©¥–¯‚«!Á«Z§V­¥–¦¨§©ª ‚¦7§j«­¬
¬®p©c¯±°²«­§ª§¶>¥–®p©c¯‚« ¶s©¥p¯#«`«as£