(More) Electric Flight for Greener Aviation

01/02/2017
Auteurs : Rolf Henke
Publication MEA2017
OAI : oai:www.see.asso.fr:16236:18684
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(More) Electric Flight for Greener Aviation

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(More) Electric Flight for Greener Aviation Rolf Henke • DLR German Aerospace Center Member of the Executive Board, Aeronautics • Advisory Council for Aviation Research and Innovation in Europe ACARE Chairman  German National Aerospace Center  8.000 employees across 33 institutes and facilities at 16 sites,  Turnover in R&T + Agency: ~ 2.200 M€  Offices in Brussels, Paris, Tokyo and Washington. DLR at a Glance  Cologne  Oberpfaffenhofen Braunschweig   Goettingen Berlin   Bonn  Neustrelitz Weilheim  Bremen   Trauen Lampoldshausen  Stuttgart  Stade  Augsburg   Hamburg Juelich  TE DLR.de • Chart 2 DLR’s Contribution to Today’s Aircraft alternative fuels low-emission engines electric and climate systems electric taxiing performant air traffic efficient aerodynamics lightweight structure electric actuators More Electric Aircraft DLR.de • Chart 3 Europe‘s strategy for Aviation R&I German national aeronautics strategy, March 2014 DLR.de • Chart 4 Flightpath 2050: Europe’s Vision for Aviation Aviation must move towards more sustainable energy sources. It should live up to the highest levels of safety and security to ensure that passengers and freight as well as the air transport system and its infrastructure are protected. DLR.de • Chart 5 CleanSky activities in the field of MEA Large Systems ITDs Vehicle IADPs TechnologyEvaluator(TE) GermanAerospaceCenter(DLR) Eco-Design FraunhoferGesellschaft Regional Aircraft Alenia Aermacchi Fast Rotorcraft Agusta Westland Eurocopter Engines ITD Safran – Rolls-Royce – MTU Systems ITD Thales – Liebherr Airframe ITD Dassault – EADS-CASA – Saab SmallAirTransport Evektor–Piaggio Airbus Aircraft Passenger (van Manen, 2016. Overview of Clean Sky 2) DLR.de • Chart 6 No Bleed Air = No Fume & Smoke? (Daily Mail, 2016) Flight attendant 'poisoned' by aircraft fumes wins payout […] airline crews say faulty 'bleed-air' systems have been causing health problems dating back to the start of jet travel DLR.de • Chart 7 Flightpath 2050: Europe’s Vision for Aviation The progressive introduction of fuel cells and battery powered vehicles for ground operations at airports has made an important contribution to reducing the carbon footprint of the aviation sector. DLR.de • Chart 8 More System Substitution by Fuel Cells? (Kallo, 2010. Fuel Cell System Development and Testing for Aircraft Applications) Ignition Prevention and Inerting Water Generation Supply of Electrical Wing Anti Ice System Air Humidification System Electrical Wheel Drive Electrical Main Engine Start and Water Injection EECS supply DLR.de • Chart 9 • The More Electric Aircraft MEA has always been a long-term goal • Much has been achieved by substitution, more is possible in the present architecture • The final goal: Classical propulsion driving a full electric system is in reach, MEA aircraft will be in service for decades to come Conclusions for today‘s MEA today DLR.de • Chart 10 Flightpath 2050: Europe’s Vision for Aviation Air transport is at the heart of an integrated seamless, energy efficient, diffused intermodal system taking travelers and their baggage from door-to-door, safely, affordably, quickly, […]. DLR.de • Chart 11 Increasing Pressure, New Regulations Expected… DLR.de • Chart 12 Flightpath 2050: Europe’s Vision for Aviation Electrical and hybrid-electrical engines have entered the aviation market. Alternative energy is used for ancillary systems. […] Aircraft movements are emission- free when taxiing. DLR.de • Chart 13  DLR FC driven nose gear  emission free! DLR.de • Chart 14 Greener Taxiing Airbus Concept of a Hybrid Electric Aircraft, driven by 6 electric turbines and a gas turbine for additional boost as well as for producing electric power. Source: AIRBUS. Towards Hybrid Electric Aircraft HEA DLR.de • Chart 15 • The More Electric Aircraft MEA has always been a long-term goal • Much has been achieved by substitution, more is possible in the present architecture • The final goal: Classical propulsion driving a full electric system is in reach, MEA aircraft will be in service for decades to come • Additional requirements may ask for new architectures not needed in today‘s MEA • A Hybrid Electric Aircraft HEA is possible with technologies available or foreseeable Conclusions for mid-term HEA development todaymid-term DLR.de • Chart 16 Flightpath 2050: Europe’s Vision for Aviation Multi-disciplinary design and development tools are used routinely and co-operatively to support a high level of integrated system design. […] Air vehicles are designed and manufactured to be recyclable. DLR.de • Chart 17 New Design Processes, Tools and Education Needed for New Architectures incl. Future Factory Aspects DLR.de • Folie 18 Flightpath 2050: Europe’s Vision for Aviation A holistic, total system approach to aviation safety is integrated across all components and stakeholders […] supported by new […] techniques that account for all system developments. DLR.de • Chart 19 Flightpath 2050: Europe’s Vision for Aviation Break-through technology will be required to secure future competitive advantage, most notably in terms of energy, management of complexity and environmental performance. DLR.de • Chart 20 Inter City Airport Concept “CentAirStation” DLR.de • Chart 21 (Urban et.al., 2016. Multi-modal transport hub concept for inner-city airport operation) NASA’s Approach to a Full Electric Aircraft FEA NASA X-57. Source: www.NASA.gov. DLR.de • Chart 22 NASA ground testbed. Source: www.NASA.gov. DLR Demonstrators for Full Electric Flight DLR Antares-H2 First Flight 2009 First Flight 2016 Concept Study; evtl. ~ 2022 DLR.de • Chart 23 DLR.de • Chart 24 Knowledge Management… (RAND, 1992. Maintaining future military aircraft design capability. Chart by Northrop Grumman, Aerospace Association. Cited according to: NASA, 2002. Final report of the Commission on the Future of the U.S. Aerospace Industry) Long Term Vision 2020 2030 2040 2050 More Electric Aircraft MEA Hybrid Electric Aircraft HEA Full Electric Aircraft FEA DLR.de • Chart 25 E – Mobility? More research is needed… Top: ZAL, Hamburg; Bottom: EcoMaT, Bremen DLR Augsburg DLR.de • Chart 26 • The More Electric Aircraft MEA has always been a long-term goal • Much has been achieved by substitution, more is possible in the present architecture • The final goal: Classical propulsion driving a full electric system is in reach, MEA aircraft will be in service for decades to come • Additional requirements may ask for new architectures not needed in today‘s MEA • A Hybrid Electric Aircraft HEA is possible with technologies available or foreseeable • Real new technologies are needed to take the final step to a Full Electric Aircraft FEA • DLR develops technologies and is partner of industry in technology development • In addition, DLR is the lead partner within the research community, and a reliable consultant for politicians • New education approaches are needed, in academia and in life-long-learning; DLR is at the forefront nationally, as co-chair in the ACARE WG 5 and ACARE chair The More Electric Aircraft – and Beyond: Conclusions todaymid-termlong-term DLR.de • Chart 27