MaxEnt’14, The 34th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering

Publication MaxEnt 2014


MaxEnt’14, The 34th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering


1.23 Mo


Creative Commons Aucune (Tous droits réservés)


Sponsors scientifique


Sponsors logistique


Sponsors financier

<resource  xmlns:xsi=""
        <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.23723/9603/11418</identifier><creators><creator><creatorName>Frédéric Barbaresco</creatorName></creator></creators><titles>
            <title>MaxEnt’14, The 34th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering</title></titles>
        <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Text</resourceType><dates>
	    <date dateType="Created">Tue 7 Oct 2014</date>
	    <date dateType="Updated">Mon 25 Jul 2016</date>
            <date dateType="Submitted">Thu 22 Mar 2018</date>
	    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="bitstream">f4539741a5bcc273622f24191654cd31babf1b02</alternateIdentifier>
            <description descriptionType="Abstract"></description>

MaxEnt’14, The 34th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering Frédéric BARBARESCO(*) & Ali DJAFARI MaxEnt’14 General Chair (*) President of SEE ISIC Club (Ingénierie des systèmes d’Information et de Communications) Société de l'électricité, de l'électronique et des technologies de l'information et de la communication SEE at a glance • Meeting place for science, industry and society • An officialy recognised non-profit organisation • About 2000 members and 5000 individuals involved • Large participation from industry (~50%) • 19 «Clubs techniques» and 12 «Groupes régionaux» • Organizes conferences and seminars • Initiates and attracts International Conferences in France • Institutional French member of IFAC and IFIP • Awards (Glavieux/Brillouin Prize, Général Ferrié Prize, Néel Prize, Jerphagnon Prize, Blanc-Lapierre Prize,Thévenin Prize), grades and medals (Blondel, Ampère) • Publishes 3 periodical publications (REE, 3E.I, e-STA) • Publishes 3 monographs each year • Present the Web: and LinkedIn SEE group • SEE Presidents: Louis de Broglie, Paul Langevin, … 1883-2014: From SIE & SFE to SEE: 131 years of Sciences Société de l'électricité, de l'électronique et des technologies de l'information et de la communication 1881 Exposition Internationale d’Electricité 1883: SIE Société Internationale des Electriciens 1886: SFE Société Française des Electriciens 2013: SEE 17 rue de l'Amiral Hamelin 75783 Paris Cedex 16 3 SEE GSI'15 GEOMETRIC SCIENCE OF INFORMATION 28th-30th October 2015, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris-Saclay Campus As for GSI’13 (, the objective of this SEE Conference GSI’15, hosted by Ecole Polytechnique, is to bring together pure/applied mathematicians and engineers, with common interest for Geometric tools and their applications for Information analysis. It emphasizes an active participation of young researchers for deliberating emerging areas of collaborative research on “Information Geometry Manifolds and Their Advanced Applications”. Conference chairmen: Frank Nielsen, LIX - Ecole Polytechnique Frédéric Barbaresco, SEE & THALES MaxEnt’14 Sponsors JAYNES FOUNDATION SMF/SEE MaxEnt’14 • 100 international attendees • 100 scientific presentations on 3 days • 4 keynote speakers • Mikhael GROMOV (Abel Prize 2009, IHES, Bures-sur-Yvette, France): “On the Structure of Entropy” • Daniel BENNEQUIN (Denis Diderot University, Paris, France): “Topological Forms of Information” • Roger BALIAN (French Academy of Sciences Member, Scientific Consultant of CEA): “The entropy-based quantum metric ” • Stephano BOLDONI (Bologna University, Italy) “Duhem’s abstract thermodynamics” • 4 social events • Welcome coktail at Clos Lucé • Visit of Clos Lucé Castle • Visit of Chenonceau Castle • Diner at Chissay Castle MaxEnt’14 Scientific Committe Bouman, Charles Purdue University, Indiana, USA Bretthorst, Larry University of St. Louis, USA Caticha, Ariel Univ. of Albany, USA Cont, Arshia IRCAM, France Niven, Robert Univ of New South Wales, Australia Giffin, Adom Clarkson University, NY, USA Girardin, Valérie Univ. de Caen, France Goggan, Paul University of Mississippi, USA Javidi, Bahram Univ. of Connecticuts, USA Knuth, Kevin H. SUNY, Albany, USA Frank Nielsen Sony Researh Nock, Richard Univ. Martinique Quinn, Anthony Trinity College, University of Dublin, Irland Rainer, Fisher Max-Planck-Institut, Germany Rodriguez, Carlos Albany, USA Sauer, Ken University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA Sivia, Davinder University of Oxford, UK Skilling, John Cambridge, UK Vignat, Christophe Université de Paris Sud, Orsay, France von Toussaint, Udo Max-Planck-Institut, Germany MaxEnt’14 Topics • MaxEnt’14 federates skills from Geometry, Probability and Information Theory: • Maximum Entropy Methods • Bayesian Inference • Structure of Information/Entropy • Geometry of Information/Entropy • Topology of Information Keynote Speakers Prof. Mikhail Gromov (Abel Prize, IHES, Bures-sur-Yvette, France) On the Structure of Entropy Abstact: Mathematics is about "interesting structures". What make a structure interesting is an abundance of interesting problems; we study a structure by solving these problems. The worlds of science, as well as of mathematics itself, is abundant with gems (germs?) of simple beautiful ideas. When and how may such an idea direct you toward beautiful mathematics? I present in this talk a 20th century mathematician's perspective on Boltzmann's idea of entropy. Biography: Mikhail Leonidovich Gromov. a French–Russian mathematician. He studied in the Leningrad University where he was a student of Vladimir Rokhlin. He has been working on the Riemannian Geometry, Geometric PDE, Symplectic Geometry, Geometric Theory of Groups and also on mathematical formalizations of ideas coming from biology, psychology and linguistic. Thales Air Systems Date Gromov/Ollivier work on Fisher Metric Y. Ollivier, « Probabilités sur les espaces de configuration d'origine géométrique », PhD with advisers M. Gromov & P. Pansu Y. Ollivier, « Le Hasard et la Courbure (Randomness and Curvature) », habilitation: Y. Ollivier & Youhei Akimoto, « Objective improvement in information-geometric optimization », FOGA 2013, preprint 2012 Yann Ollivier, Ludovic Arnold, Anne Auger, and Nikolaus Hansen, « Information-geometric optimization: A unifying picture via invariance principles », arXiv:1106.3708v1, 2011 Video « seminaire Brillouin »: http://archiprod- Yann Ollivier, Paris-Sud University, LRI Dept. CNRS Bronze Medal 2011 Introduction of probabilistic models on structured objects Interplay between probability and differential geometry Natural Gradient by Fisher Information Matrix (IGO) Misha Gromov, IHES Abel Prize 2009 Mathematics about "interesting structures“ Category-theoretic approach of Fisher Metric M. Gromov, « In a Search for a Structure, Part 1: On Entropy », preprint, July 2012 entropy-july5-2012.pdf Chap 2. « Fisher Metric and Von Neumann Entropy» Such a rescaling, being a non-trivial symmetry, is a significant structure in its own right; for example, the group of families of such "rescalings" leads the amazing orthogonal symmetry of the Fisher metric M. Gromov, « Convex sets and Kähler manifolds», in Advances in J. Differential Geom., F. Tricerri ed., World Sci., Singapore, pp. 1-38, 1990 Keynote Speakers Prof. Daniel Bennequin (Denis Diderot University, Paris, France) Topological forms of information Abstract: This talk will present recent joint works with Pierre Baudot, where we propose a general definition of categories of informations, and study a natural cohomology for associated information quantities, and homotopical derived notions. Entropies of Shannon, Kullback and Von Neumann, appear as first fundamental classes for classical and quantum setting respectively. The decomposition of entropy in higher mutual information functions appears as an homotopical structure, and generates a new kind of topology. Possible applications to the study of large statistical data and dynamics of neuronal systems will be mentioned Biography: Born the 3 January 1952. Graduated from Ecole Normale Supérieure, he has defended his PhD in 1982 with Alain Chenciner at Paris VII University (Doctorat d'Etat, Entrelacements et équations de Pfaff). He was Professor at Strasbourg University and was member of Bourbaki. He is currently Professor at Denis Diderot University and member of l'Institut Mathématique de Jussieu. He has made many major contributions to contact geometry during 80's and was initiator of Contact Topology with Yakov Eliashberg. During the years 1990, he worked, with his students and colleagues in Strasbourg, on integrable systems and geometrical structures of Mathematical Physics. Since 2000 he is working in Neuroscience (mainly in LPPA directed by A.Berthoz, C-d-F, Paris); he made contributions to the study of geometrical invariance in human movements duration, dynamical structure of vestibular end sensors, organization of vestibular information flow, eye movements preparation, and gaze functions during locomotion. Keynote Speakers Prof. Roger Balian (French Academy of Sciences Member, Scientific Consultant of CEA) The entropy-based quantum metric Abstract: The von Neumann entropy S(^D) generates in the space of quantum density matrices ^D the Riemannian metric ds² = - d²S(^D), which is physically founded and which characterizes the amount of quantum information lost by mixing ^D and ^D + d^D. A rich geometric structure is thereby implemented in quantum mechanics. It includes a canonical mapping between the spaces of states and of observables, which involves the Legendre transform of S(^D). The Kubo scalar product is recovered within the space of observables. Applications are given to equilibrium and non-equilibrium quantum statistical mechanics. There the formalism is specialized to the relevant space of observables and to the associated reduced states issued from the maximum entropy criterion, which result from the exact states through an orthogonal projection. Von Neumann’s entropy specializes into a relevant entropy. Comparison is made with other metrics. The Riemannian properties of the metric ds² = - d²S(^D) are derived. The curvature arises from the non-Abelian nature of quantum mechanics; its general expression and its explicit form for q-bits are given. Biography: Roger Balian has been working at the "Institut de Physique Théorique" of Saclay (CEA), which he has directed (1979-1987). He was also Professor of Statistical Physics at Ecole Polytechnique (1972-1998), and Director of the "Ecole d'Eté de Physique Théorique des Houches" (1972-1980). His research works have addressed various topics, often related to statistical physics: superfluid Helium 3, signal theory, information/entropy, waves and complex trajectories, foundations of quantum mechanics, Casimir effect, quantum liquids, nuclear structure, gauge theories, distribution of galaxies... Keynote Speakers Stefano Bordoni (Bologna University, Italy) Duhem’s abstract thermodynamics. Abstract: In the second half of the nineteenth century, two different traditions of research emerged from Clausius’ thermodynamics. Maxwell and Boltzmann pursued the integration of thermodynamics with the kinetic theory of gases, whereas others relied on a macroscopic and more abstract approach, which set aside specific mechanical models. Massieu, Gibbs, and Helmholtz exploited the structural analogy between mechanics and thermodynamics, the young Planck and J.J. Thomson aimed at filling the gap between thermodynamics and the theory of elasticity, and Oettingen developed a dual mathematical structure for heat and work. Starting from 1891, Pierre Duhem put forward the most original and systematic reinterpretation of abstract thermodynamics, and at the same time the boldest upgrade of Analytical mechanics. He developed and transformed the second tradition: his design of a generalized mechanics based on thermodynamics led to an astonishing mathematical unification between physics and chemistry. Purely mechanical phenomena and chemical reactions represented the opposite poles in Duhem’s Energetics. Biography: He graduated in physics, and received a PhD in History of science and then a PhD in Philosophy. He has recently gained a qualification as associate professor of Logic, philosophy and history of science. He has published papers and books on the history of science, and in particular history of physics. He has given seminars and lectures in some Italian universities and at the Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte in Berlin. He has lectured in History of physics, History of science, and Mathematics. MaxEnt’14 Proceedings • Proceedings published by AIP (American Institute of Physics): • Special Issue in MDPI « Entropy » Journal : "Information, Entropy and their Geometric structures" -Geome Online Open Access Journal General Information Entropy (ISSN 1099-4300) Broad and inter-disciplinary coverage of entropy and information theory studies International authorship, editorship and readership Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Kevin H. Knuth, University at Albany, USA Latest Impact Factor: 1.564, ranks 28/77 (Q2) in the category ‘Physics, Multidisciplinary’. Published by the Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute 1999 Volume 1 2007 • Scopus • INSPEC 2009 • SCIE • New EIC • 1147pages 2011 • IF: 1.109 • 109 papers • 2058 pages 2013 • IF: 1.347 • 272 papers • 5596 page Journal History Entropy deals with the development and/or application of entropy or information-theoretic concepts in a wide variety of applications. Six Thematic Sections: Thermodynamics Statistical Mechanics Information Theory Astrophysics and Cosmology Quantum Information Complexity Journal Scope Open Access Journal Freely available online for everyone Published under CC-BY license, allowing re-use given proper citation Financed by publishing fees for accepted articles Rapid editorial procedure Reply within 1 business day once manuscript received First decision within 30 days Publication within 7 days after acceptance Open Access and Rapid Procedure Entropy – Sponsored Electronic Conference The 1st International Electronic Conference on Entropy and its Applications (ECEA-1) • Abstract Submission: 30 September 2014 • Submission of Full Paper/Poster: 10 October 2014 • Conference Open: 3-21 November 2014 •Participating in this conference is Free of Charge, details can be seen at http:/// Special Issue: "Information, Entropy and their Geometric Structures" Website: Manuscript Submission Deadline: 31 January 2015 Instructions for Authors at for templates Manuscript Submission Procedure 1. Register with 2. Validate your e-mail address and log in 3. Start a new submission MaxEnt 2014 Special Issue • Entropy Editorial Office Ms Jely He, Managing Editor E-mail: • Thank you! For Questions MaxEnt’14 Program Monday September 22 Opening Session (09h00-09h15) – A. Mohammad-Djafari & F. Barbaresco Oral session 1 (09h15-11h15) - Statistical Manifolds Chaired by: Steeve Zozor / J.F. Bercher / Ariel Caticha / Coffee break (11h15-11h30) Poster session 1: (11h30-12h45) Chaired by: Kevin Knuth / Nicolas Gac / Mathiew Kowalski / Aurélia Fraisse Lunch break (12h45-14h00) Oral session 2 (14h00-15h00) - Entropy Foundations Chaired by: A. Mohammad-Djafari / J. Skilling Invited talk: M. Gromov, On the structure of Entropy Coffee break (15h00-15h30) Oral session 3 (15h30-17h30) - Information Geometry Chaired by: A. Caticha / Steeve Zozor / F. Nielsen Cocktail (18h00-19h30) MaxEnt’14 Program Tuesday September 23 Oral session 4 (9h00-10h45) – History of Science Chaired by: John Skilling / Antony Garrette Invited talk: Stephano Boldoni, Duhem’s abstract thermodynamics (89) Coffee break (10h45-11h00) Oral session 5 (11h00-12h30) – Bayesian inference Chaired by: R. Bontekoe / F. Nielsen / J. Skilling Lunch break (12h30-14h00) Oral session 6 (14h00-15h30) - Foundations and Geometry Chaired by: John Skilling / F. Nielsen / Ariel Caticha Poster session 2 : (15h30-18h30) Chaired by: Jean-François Bercher / Valérie Girardin / Aurélia Fraisse / Marcel Reginatto MaxEnt’14 Program Wednesday September 24 Oral session 7 (9h00-10h15) - Quantum physics Chaired by: S. Zozor / J.F. Bercher / F. Barbaresco Invited talk: R. Balian, The entropy-based quantum metric Coffee break (10h15-10h30) Oral session 8 (10h30-12h45) – Quantum physics Chaired by: Roger Balian / J.F. Bercher / Ariel Caticha / R. Kostecki Lunch break (12h45-14h00) Oral session 9 (14h00-15h00) - Quantum entropy Chaired by: S. Zozor / R. Balian / Roman Belavkin Social activities 15h00-18h00 Visit of Clos Lucé 18h00: Bus at Clos Lucé 18h30-20h00: Visit of Chenonceau castle 20h30: Gala Diner at Chissay Castle MaxEnt’14 Program Thursday September 25 Oral session 10 (9h00-10h30) - Geometric Structure of Information Chaired by: Ariel Caticha / John Skilling Invited talk: D. Bennequin, Topological forms of information Coffee break (10h30-10h45) Oral session 11 (10h45-12h45) - Learning, Information, Divergence Chaired by: Frank Nielson / Kevin Knuth / Fred Daum / O. Rioul Lunch break (12h45-14h00) Oral session 12 (14h00-15h30) – Bayesian learning Chaired by: Stephan Weis / F. Nielsen / Ariel Caticha Coffee break (15h30-15h45) Poster session 3 (15h45-18h30) Chaired by: Jean-François Degurse / Paul Goggan / Olivier Rioul / Julianna Pinele MaxEnt’14 Program Friday September 26 Oral session 13 (9h00-11h00) – Entropy and Information Geometry Chaired by: John Skilling/ F. Nielsen / F. Barbaresco Coffee break (11h00-11h15) Oral session 14 (11h15-12h45) - Bayesian inference Chaired by: P. Maréchal / Steeve Zozor / J.F. Bercher Lunch break (12h45-14h00) Oral session 15 (14h00-17h00)- Maximum Entropy Principle Chaired by: Dawn Holmes / John Skilling / Hiroshi Matsuzoe Cofee break (17h00-17h15) Closing Session (17h15-17h30) – A. Mohammad-Djafari & F. Barbaresco Clos Lucé Map Amboise at the heart of Loire Valley (Unesco heritage) Visit of Clos Lucé Castle Visit of Chenonceau Castle Gala Diner: Chissay Castle PIERRE DUHEM LEONARDO DA VINCI MaxEnt studies of Leonardo Da Vinci Duhem study on Leonardo Da Vinci (influence by & influence to) Leonardo Da Vinci study on « Perpetuum Mobile » On rangerait plus volontiers la question du mouvement perpétuel en Dynamique qu’en Statique ; mais, pour Léonard de Vinci et pour Cardan, non plus que pour Aristote, il n’existe entre ces deux sciences aucune infranchissable barrière. D’autre part, l’impossibilité du mouvement perpétuel a été admise, par Galilée et par Stevin, comme un axiome propre à fonder certaines démonstrations de Statique ; et Galilée et Stevin avaient lu les écrits de Cardan, où ils avaient peut être puisé leur confiance en cet axiome ; et Cardan, écrivant contre le mouvement perpétuel, n’avait fait que résumer les notes éparses de Léonard de Vinci. Nous ne saurions donc nous faire une idée nette et complète des origines de la Statique si nous ne passions en revue les objections que Léonard de Vinci et Cardan ont opposées au perpetuum mobile. Leonardo Da Vinci objection To « Perpetuum Mobile » « Aucune chose sans vie ne peut pousser ou tirer sans accompagner la chose mue ; ces moteurs ne peuvent être que forza ou pesanteur ; si la pesanteur pousse ou tire, elle ne fait ce mouvement dans la chose que parce qu’elle désire le repos, et aucune chose mue par son mouvement de chute n’étant capable de revenir à sa première hauteur, le mouvement prend fin. … Et si la chose qui meut une autre chose est la forza, cette force, elle aussi, accompagne la chose mue par elle, et elle la meut de telle sorte qu’elle se consume elle-même ; étant consumée, aucune des choses qui ont été mues par elle n’est capable de la reproduire. Donc aucune chose mue ne peut avoir une longue opération, parce que, les causes manquant, les effets manquent.» Leonardo Da Vinci, Les Manuscrits de Léonard de Vinci, publiés par Ch. Ravaisson-Mollien. Ms. A de la Bibliothèque de l’Institut, fol. 21, verso. Paris, 1881 Leonardo Da Vinci objection To « Perpetuum Mobile » « Je dis que la forza est une vertu spirituelle, une puissance invisible qui, au moyen d’une violence accidentelle extérieure, est causée par le mouvement, introduite et infuse dans les corps, qui se trouvent tirés et détournés de leur habitude naturelle ; elle leur donne une vie active d’une merveilleuse puissance, elle contraint toutes les choses créées à changer de forme et de place, court avec furie à sa mort désirée et va se diversifiant suivant les causes. La lenteur la fait grande et la vitesse la fait faible ; elle naît par violence et meurt par liberté. Et plus elle est grande, plus vite elle se consume. Elle chasse avec furie ce qui s’oppose à sa destruction, désire vaincre et tuer la cause de ce qui lui fait obstacle et, vainquant, se tue elle-même... Aucun mouvement fait par elle n’est durable. Elle croît dans les fatigues et disparaît par le repos. » «Aucune chose insensible ne pourra se mouvoir par elle-même ; par conséquent, si elle se meut, elle est mue par une puissance inégale, c’est-à-dire de temps et de mouvement inégaux, ou de poids inégal. Et le désir du premier moteur ayant cessé, aussitôt cessera le second. » « Nullum violentum potest esse perpetuum » • Pierre Duhem Thermodynamic Potentials – Duhem P., « Sur les équations générales de la Thermodynamique », Annales Scientifiques de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure, 3e série, tome VIII, p. 231, 1891 • “Nous avons fait de la Dynamique un cas particulier de la Thermodynamique, une Science qui embrasse dans des principes communs tous les changements d’état des corps, aussi bien les changements de lieu que les changements de qualités physiques “ – four scientists were credited by Duhem with having carried out “the most important researches on that subject”: • F. Massieu had managed to derive Thermodynamics from a “characteristic function and its partial derivatives” • J.W. Gibbs had shown that Massieu’s functions “could play the role of potentials in the determination of the states of equilibrium” in a given system. • H. von Helmholtz had put forward “similar ideas” • A. von Oettingen had given “an exposition of Thermodynamics of remarkable generality” based on general duality concept in “Die thermodynamischen Beziehungen antithetisch entwickelt“, St. Petersburg 1885 WTSEG +−=Ω )( PIERRE DUHEM (c.f MaxEnt’14 talk of Stefano Bordoni on « Duhem’s abstract thermodynamics ») 39 « L’eau ronge les montagnes et comble les vallées. Si elle le pouvait, elle réduirait le monde à une sphère parfaite » Léonard de Vinci [Cod. Atl. 185 V] Enjoy MaxEnt’14