Cognitive-Constructivism, Quine, Dogmas of Empiricism, and Muenchhausen’s Trilemma

21/09/2014
Auteurs :
Publication MaxEnt 2014
OAI : oai:www.see.asso.fr:9603:11327
DOI :

Résumé

Cognitive-Constructivism, Quine, Dogmas of Empiricism, and Muenchhausen’s Trilemma

Collection

application/pdf Cognitive-Constructivism, Quine, Dogmas of Empiricism, and Muenchhausen’s Trilemma

Métriques

21
8
64.55 Ko
 application/pdf
bitcache://8aa9e3bd66ec6880fe367f686ba397b9f338902a

Licence

Creative Commons Aucune (Tous droits réservés)

Sponsors

Sponsors scientifique

logo_smf_cmjn.gif
smai.png

Sponsors logistique

logo_cnrs_2.jpg
logo_supelec.png
logo-universite-paris-sud.jpg
logo_see.gif

Sponsors financier

bsu-logo.png
entropy1-01.png
<resource  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
                xmlns="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4"
                xsi:schemaLocation="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4/metadata.xsd">
        <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.23723/9603/11327</identifier><creators><creator><creatorName>Julio Stern</creatorName></creator></creators><titles>
            <title>Cognitive-Constructivism, Quine, Dogmas of Empiricism, and Muenchhausen’s Trilemma</title></titles>
        <publisher>SEE</publisher>
        <publicationYear>2014</publicationYear>
        <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Text</resourceType><dates>
	    <date dateType="Created">Sat 30 Aug 2014</date>
	    <date dateType="Updated">Mon 2 Oct 2017</date>
            <date dateType="Submitted">Tue 13 Nov 2018</date>
	</dates>
        <alternateIdentifiers>
	    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="bitstream">8aa9e3bd66ec6880fe367f686ba397b9f338902a</alternateIdentifier>
	</alternateIdentifiers>
        <formats>
	    <format>application/pdf</format>
	</formats>
	<version>34209</version>
        <descriptions>
            <description descriptionType="Abstract"></description>
        </descriptions>
    </resource>
.

Cognitive-Constructivism, Quine, Dogmas of Empiricism, and Münchhausen’s Trilemma Julio Michael Stern∗ ∗ Institute of Mathematics and Statistics - University of São Paulo jstern@ime.usp.br For the last 17 years, the Bayesian research group of IME-USP, at the Uni- versity of São Paulo, has been exploring Cog-Con - a specific version of Cognitive Constructivism that has among its most salient features a distinctive “objective” character and the support of specially designed tools of Bayesian Statistics. In previous presentations about the Cog-Con epistemological framework, we were asked several questions concerning possible parallels or contrasts with Quine’s epistemological framework. This article begins to explore this topic. Section 2 gives a succinct overview of Cog-Con - the Cognitive Construc- tivist epistemological framework used in this article, including Heinz von Foer- ster metaphor of Objects as tokens for eigen-solutions. The following sections explore similarities and differences between Quine’s and Cog-Con epistemologi- cal frameworks. Section 3 analyses the Two Dogmas of Empiricism denounced by Quine, as well as the Third Dogma proposed by Davidson, making some parallels between Quine’s and Cog-Con epistemological frameworks. Section 4 contrasts the two frameworks on their respective strategies to anchor a scientific theory to reality. Section 5 uses the Münchhausen Trilemma to continue the compara- tive analysis of the two frameworks, while Section 6 compares them on the role played by Ontology and Metaphysics. Section 7 brings our final remarks, con- cerning: Self-Identities at Neurath’s Ship, the Handling of Sticky Things, and the Handling of Circular Uncertainties. References - P. Aczel (1988). Non-Well-Founded Sets. CSLI, Stanford University. - V.Akman, M.Pakkan (1996). Nonstandard Set Theories and Information Management. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems. 6, 1, 5-31. - H.Albert (1985). Treatise on Critical Reason. Princeton University Press. - W.Borges, J.M.Stern (2007). The Rules of Logic Composition for the Bayesian Epis- temic e-Values. Logic Journal of the IGPL, 15, 5-6, 401-420. doi:10.1093/jigpal/jzm032 - C.A.B. Pereira, S. Wechsler, J.M. Stern (2008). Can a Significance Test be Genuinely Bayesian? Bayesian Analysis, 3, 1, 79-100. - W.O. Quine (1953). From a Logical Point of View. Harvard University Press. - W.O. Quine (1981a). Theories and Things. Harvard University Press. - W.O. Quine (1981b). Reply to Stroud. Midwest Studies In Philosophy, 6, 1, 473-476. - L.Segal (2001). The Dream of Reality. Heintz von Foerster’s Constructivism. Springer. - J.M.Stern (2011a). Constructive Verification, Empirical Induction, and Falibilist De- duction: A Threefold Contrast. Information, 2, 635-650 - J.M.Stern (2011b). Symmetry, Invariance and Ontology in Physics and Statistics. Symmetry, 3, 3, 611-635. - J.M.Stern, C.A.B.Pereira (2014). Bayesian Epistemic Values: Focus on Surprise, Mea- sure Probability! Logic Journal of the IGPL, 22, 2, 236-254. - J.M.Stern (2014). Jacob’s Ladder and Scientific Ontologies. Accepted for publication, Cybernetics & Human Knowing. 1